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If you’re aiming to reduce the number of calories you consume in order to lose weight, you’ll want to include plenty of low-calorie foods, ones that are high in nutritional value—in your diet plan. Fortunately, almost all non-starchy vegetables and fruits are low-calorie foods, so you have a large selection from which to choose.
A Variety of Vegetables
From asparagus to zucchini, a wide array of vegetables should appear in your reduced-calorie diet plan. Here’s a list of popular vegetables that provide less than 60 calories per one-cup serving:
- Green beans
- Lettuce (all varieties)
- Sweet peppers
- Yellow (crookneck) squash
Many of these low-calorie foods have a high water content, which means that they help you maintain an adequate fluid intake. Many vegetables are also good sources of fiber, which helps satisfy your appetite as well as providing numerous health benefits.
Starchy vegetables—including potatoes, winter squash, beans, corn, and peas—are good sources of many nutrients. However, they contain more calories (most have between 100 and 160 calories per cup) than non-starchy vegetables, so limiting your consumption of these foods and keeping portions under control will support your weight-loss efforts.
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Fruits: Nature’s Dessert
Most fruits are higher in calories than vegetables since they contain natural sugars, but they are still considered low-calorie foods. If you buy frozen or canned varieties, be sure to choose products that contain no added sugar. Fruits that provide less than 70 calories per one-cup serving include:
Fruits that fall in the 71- to 100-calorie range per one-cup serving include blueberries, sweet cherries, grapefruit, grapes (red or green), oranges, pears, pineapple, and plums. Although these fruits may rank a little higher on the calorie counter, they’re still worthy choices, since they provide plenty of vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients.
Like vegetables, fruits contain fluids and fiber, and they have an added bonus: Their natural sugar content makes them an excellent alternative to sugary, high-calorie desserts when you’re craving something sweet.
Keep It Balanced
Even when you’re losing weight, it’s important to make sure you’re following an overall healthy eating plan that includes some foods that are higher in calories but are good sources of important nutrients, such as healthy fats and protein.
For example, nuts contain healthy, unsaturated fats as well as protein and fiber, and many healthy diet plans recommend eating nuts a few to several times per week. However, limit yourself to no more than one serving a day, since a quarter-cup runs from 160 to 200 calories, depending on the type of nut. Vegetable oils, including olive, flaxseed, canola, soybean, and corn oils, are another source of healthy fats, but all oils contain about 120 calories in one tablespoon, so use them sparingly.
Although fat was once regarded as an “enemy” if you were trying to lose weight, fat is no longer a forbidden food. In fact, research has shown that including healthy, unsaturated fats in an overall healthy diet plan can aid weight loss.
Fat has a high satiety factor—it helps you achieve the feeling of fullness that tells your brain it’s time to stop eating. Eating small amounts of fat with other foods will also help you absorb fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, and K).
Your healthy eating plan also needs to include some lean protein. Protein provides the amino acids that are used as building blocks for all of the cells in your body. Studies have shown that eating protein helps you feel full more quickly, which can help with appetite control.
Good protein sources (if they’re steamed, baked, or broiled with little or no fat or breading) include:
- Most fish, including ocean perch, cod, haddock, halibut, mackerel, bass, catfish, grouper, snapper, flounder, salmon, and tuna
- Most shellfish, including oysters, crab, shrimp, and scallops
- Skinless, white-meat chicken and turkey
- Lean cuts of beef (tenderloin, top sirloin, top round, bottom round)
- Lean cuts of pork (tenderloin, bone-in sirloin roast, boneless top loin chops and roast)
- Beans, peas, and lentils
- Soybean products, including tofu and tempeh
Bottom line: Include plenty of low-calorie foods, especially vegetables and fruits, in your diet, and choose the healthiest foods that are higher in calories to meet your complete nutrition needs without putting on extra pounds.
Originally published in June 2016 and updated.