Prostate

Prostate

The prostate is a walnut-shaped gland that sits underneath a man’s bladder and wraps around the urethra. Prostate problems include infection, enlargement or cancer, but solutions and survival rates are improving.

The prostate gland’s main function is to add fluid to sperm to form semen. Although the prostate starts out small, it typically grows as a man ages. Prostate growth is known as benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH. Over time, BPH puts pressure on the urethra, leading to urinary problems.

Prostatitis is swelling of the prostate gland that is often caused by bacteria. The condition can come on quickly (acute prostatitis) and usually clears up with antibiotics. However, it can sometimes continue long term, in which case it’s called chronic prostatitis.

Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in men, affecting 1 in 7 during their lifetime. Most prostate cancer cases are diagnosed later in life.

Prostate cancer can be found with a PSA test, which measures the level of a protein called prostate specific antigen (PSA) in a man’s blood. At one time, men over age 50 were advised to have a PSA test annually. Yet this test can often produce false positive results, because PSA levels can also rise from BPH and other non-cancerous prostate conditions. Today, cancer organizations recommend that men talk to their doctor about the benefits and risks before having this test.

Prostate cancer symptoms include trouble urinating, blood in the urine, pain in the back or hips, and difficulty getting or sustaining an erection. To diagnose prostate cancer, the doctor will remove a sample of tissue during a biopsy. Once that tissue is examined, doctors assign the prostate cancer a Gleason Score and a stage, which indicate the severity and progression of the disease.

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Prostatitis Symptoms and Treatment

Prostatitis Symptoms and Treatment

· · Prostate

The term prostatitis describes inflammation of the prostate gland. Unlike other prostatic conditions, prostatitis affects younger and older men alike. It is common, affecting up to 1 in 12 men in their lifetime and keeping urologists busy.

If you have symptoms of prostatitis, your physician will want to determine the severity  … Read More

Where There’s Prostatitis, Fatigue and Other Problems Ensue

Where There’s Prostatitis, Fatigue and Other Problems Ensue

· · Prostate

For many men with prostatitis, fatigue can be a daily companion, albeit an unwanted one. In fact, among the broad and diverse range of symptoms accompanying chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS)—the most common type of prostatitis—fatigue, pain, and urinary problems can be the most debilitating.

But the adverse effects of  … Read More

Is Prostate Cancer Hereditary?

Is Prostate Cancer Hereditary?

· · Prostate

For many types of cancer, having a family history of the disease places you at a greater risk of developing the cancer yourself. So, if you’re a man with a close relative who had prostate cancer, you might be bothered by a lingering question: Is prostate cancer hereditary?

No one knows  … Read More

12 Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer

12 Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer

· · Prostate

What are the risk factors for prostate cancer? It’s a question that remains unanswered despite a growing body of research identifying risk factors and prevention strategies.

Scientists do know that prostate cancer symptoms occur when changes or mutations in the DNA of prostatic cells cause abnormal proliferation of those cells, resulting  … Read More

Can You Die from Prostate Cancer?

Can You Die from Prostate Cancer?

· · Prostate

Before widespread prostate cancer screening began in the late 1980s, many men newly diagnosed with the disease had advanced cancer that had spread beyond the prostate. Today, in the screening era, most men with the disease are diagnosed when their cancer is in an earlier, more curable stage. But, even  … Read More

What Is Hypertrophy? A Closer Look at BPH

What Is Hypertrophy? A Closer Look at BPH

· · Prostate

BPH is known by a number of names, among them enlarged prostate, benign prostatic hyperplasia, and benign prostatic hypertrophy. But, what is hypertrophy?

Hypertrophy is the process by which a cell grows beyond its normal size and causes tissue growth. Some forms of hypertrophy are positive–as when your muscles grow in  … Read More

Can Prostate Cancer Be Cured? Explore Your Treatment Options

Can Prostate Cancer Be Cured? Explore Your Treatment Options

· · Prostate

Receiving a diagnosis of prostate cancer is shocking—so much so that you might not fully process anything your doctor says after the “C word.” Consequently, you might forget about another “C word”—cure—and fail to understand that a prostate cancer diagnosis is not a death sentence. So, can prostate cancer be  … Read More

PSA Lab Test Results: These 10 Factors Can Affect Your Numbers

PSA Lab Test Results: These 10 Factors Can Affect Your Numbers

· · Prostate

It’s well known that the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test used to screen for prostate cancer is imprecise. Elevations in PSA may signal prostate cancer, but they also may be due to nonmalignant prostate conditions.

Further complicating the screening process is that several medications and a number of other modifiable factors may  … Read More

Is There a Normal PSA Level?

Is There a Normal PSA Level?

· · Prostate

There is no universally accepted “normal” PSA level. In the past, a PSA of 4 nanograms per milliliter of blood (ng/ml) or less was considered normal; however, more recent studies have shown that some men with PSAs below 4 have prostate cancer and some men with PSAs over 4 do  … Read More



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