Although men and women share symptoms and treatment of myriad diseases, there are some ailments unique to the female gender, chiefly cancers of the reproductive system and breasts.
It’s acknowledged, however, that the primary task of successful aging for women entails pushing back other conditions and concerns that also affect them most intimately. Some of those conditions include:
Osteopenia and osteoporosis: With time, the bones become weaker, more brittle, and likely to fracture. Doctors can determine the amount of bone lost with a bone mineral density (BMD) test. Results are expressed as a T-score, which is based on a comparison to the bones of a healthy 30 year old. People with normal bone density have a T-score that is within 1 standard deviation (SD) of a 30 year old’s score. A score 1 to 2.5 SD below a young adult’s (-1 to -2.5 SD) is considered low bone mass, or osteopenia. Osteoporosis is diagnosed in anyone with a score of -2.5 SD or lower. People with osteoporosis need to take medicines such as bisphosphonates to strengthen their bones and prevent fractures.
Ovarian cancer is the most deadly reproductive cancer in women. Often, it’s caught at a late stage because no screening tests exist. Ovarian cancer symptoms include abdominal bloating, pain in the abdomen or pelvis, and a rapid feeling of fullness while eating.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (or COPD, for short) is a lung condition that makes it harder to breathe. COPD is not one, but two conditions: emphysema and chronic bronchitis.
Depression goes far beyond the occasional feelings of sadness. The depression definition that mental health experts use is a persistently down mood and loss of interest that affects a person’s day-to-day life, and can even lead to thoughts of suicide. The condition is also called major depressive disorder or clinical depression, and it affects nearly 15 million Americans. Although depression typically starts in the 20s or 30s, it can affect people of all ages. Older adults are particularly vulnerable to depression because of illness and the loss of loved ones.
With diabetes, both genes and environmental factors play a role. Being overweight can also increase the risk of getting type 2 diabetes, because excess fat increases the body’s resistance to insulin.How do you know you have this condition? Increased thirst, frequent urination, and hunger are all signs of diabetes. Other diabetes symptoms include unexplained weight loss, fatigue, frequent infections, and blurred vision.
Along with a lack of sleep and overwork, fatigue causes range from illnesses to medications. Anemia, thyroid disease, and heart failure are all common conditions linked to fatigue. Taking certain medicines—including antidepressants, blood pressure medicines, and anti-anxiety drugs—can also contribute to fatigue.
Chronic fatigue syndrome causes consistent fatigue that doesn’t go away, along with vague complaints such as muscle aches, headaches, memory loss, disrupted sleep, a sore throat, and joint or muscle pain.
Glaucoma is another common vision problem that affects older adults. In glaucoma, a buildup of pressure inside the eye damages the optic nerve and can eventually cause blindness. Looking for glaucoma symptoms alone won’t always catch the disease in time, because the condition often causes no pain or vision loss until the damage is already significant.
Dementia symptoms vary by type, but can include difficulty remembering names and events, trouble communicating, depression, poor judgment, confusion, behavior changes, and sleep disturbances. People who are suspected of having dementia will undergo a series of dementia tests, or Alzheimer’s tests, to determine whether they have lost memory and cognitive function. Doctors will ask the person and his or her family member about any memory problems and trouble completing daily activities. Other tests will be done to evaluate memory, attention, problem-solving, and language skills. During these tests, the health care provider will ask the person a series of questions and assign tasks, such as remembering the names of common objects or drawing a face of a clock. Brain scans such as computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or positron emission tomography (PET) may also be done to assess brain structure and function.
Migraine headaches are a common source of chronic pain, affecting 1 in 10 Americans, most of them women. These are not just everyday headaches. Migraine symptoms also include nausea, vomiting, light and sound sensitivity, auras, and other visual disturbances. Because doctors still don’t fully understand what causes migraines, they haven’t been able to develop a cure for this condition. Treatments aim to reduce the frequency of migraine attacks and relieve symptoms when they start.
Fibromyalgia is another poorly understood condition. The estimated 5 million Americans who have this condition experience fatigue and pain in particular spots around their body. Other fibromyalgia symptoms include sleep problems, headaches, sensitivity to heat and cold, bowel issues, and memory problems.
Everyone feels stressed out from time to time. The leading causes of Americans’ stress include finances, work, family responsibilities, and health issues. Constant stress can lead to worry or anxiety. In people with anxiety disorders, the worry is constant, and detrimental.
In 2013, actress Angelina Jolie announced that she had both of her breasts removed after genetic testing indicated she was at increased risk of breast cancer. Her announcement came about five years after actress Christina Applegate underwent a double mastectomy after being diagnosed with early-stage cancer in one breast. Media … Read More
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Osteoporosis Exercises: A Proven Exercise Program Involving Strength Training for Building Bone Density
Have you been told you need to exercise for your bone health, but are confused about what are the best osteoporosis exercises? Are you wondering if walking is enough to build your bone density? Maybe you’ve heard that you need to do weight-bearing osteoporosis exercises, but you’re not sure what … Read More
Once you’ve received the sobering news that you’ve been diagnosed with breast cancer, the next step is to discuss a personalized breast cancer treatment plan with your medical team. Your doctor’s recommendations will involve many factors, including your age, medical history, the type, location, and size of the cancer, and … Read More
Drinking plenty of fluids has been among the top recommended strategies for preventing urinary tract infections (UTIs). But how much water is enough? Drinking an additional three pints of water a day may keep the urinary tract infection (UTI) away, at least for women who are prone, according to a … Read More
You may be wondering, “how much iodine do I need while pregnant?” Studies show that increasing your iodine benefits your baby by protecting against impaired brain development. … Read More
Each year, some 230,000 new cases of breast cancer are diagnosed in American women, and about one in eight American women will develop invasive breast cancer at some point. Breast cancer represents the second-most common cancer in women after skin cancer, and it’s the second-leading cause of death in women … Read More
Inositol is a vitamin B-like compound and research finds one of several inositol benefits to be beating depression, anxiety, and the physical symptoms associated with severe PMS or PMDD (premenstrual dysphoric disorder). … Read More