Diabetes

Diabetes

With diabetes, the body either doesn’t make enough insulin or doesn’t use it effectively, causing blood sugar levels to rise. Along with medications, people are advised to eat plenty of vegetables, whole grains, non-fat dairy, lean poultry, and fish.

There are two types of diabetes: Type 1 is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system mistakenly destroys cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps move blood sugar (or glucose) to cells where it can provide energy. When insulin is unavailable for this purpose, blood sugar levels rise and diabetes ensues. People with this type of diabetes will need to take insulin to keep their blood sugar level under control.

In type 2 diabetes, the body becomes resistant to the effects of insulin and isn’t able to use this hormone effectively, also causing a rise in blood sugar. The pancreas has to work harder to increase its production of insulin, which eventually  damages the organ.

What causes diabetes? Both genes and environmental factors play a role. Being overweight can also increase the risk of getting type 2 diabetes, because excess fat increases the body’s resistance to insulin.

How do you know you have diabetes? Increased thirst, frequent urination, and hunger are all signs of diabetes. Other diabetes symptoms include unexplained weight loss, fatigue, frequent infections, and blurred vision.

Consistently high blood sugar can damage the body’s organs over time. Untreated diabetes increases the risk for nerve damage, called diabetic neuropathy, as well as damage to the kidneys, eyes, feet, and skin. Proper treatment can control blood sugar and help prevent complications.  Some people will need to count carbohydrates, or choose foods that are low on the glycemic index, meaning they won’t cause blood sugar to spike.

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Symptoms of Reactive Hypoglycemia and Insulin Resistance

Symptoms of Reactive Hypoglycemia and Insulin Resistance

· · Diabetes

Being plagued by excessive fatigue is bad enough, but problems with blood sugar regulation also can lead to even scarier downstream issues, including heart disease, stroke, cancer, dementia, and more. Feeling sleepy all the time and being chronically fatigued are classic reactive hypoglycemia and insulin resistance symptoms.

The standard American diet,  … Read More

Is There a Cure for Diabetes?

Is There a Cure for Diabetes?

· · Diabetes

Every year in the United States, 1.5 million people are diagnosed with diabetes, and it’s the seventh-leading cause of death, according to the American Diabetes Association. Can diabetes be cured? Let’s first consider the two main types:

Type 1 (or juvenile) diabetesaccounts for 5 percent of all cases.
Type  … Read More

Diabetic Shock and Diabetic Emergencies: Hypoglycemia vs. Hyperglycemia

Diabetic Shock and Diabetic Emergencies: Hypoglycemia vs. Hyperglycemia

· · Diabetes

Diabetic emergencies and diabetic shock can occur either when your blood glucose level becomes dangerously low (hypoglycemia) or when it becomes dangerously high (hyperglycemia). If you’re managing diabetes, it’s important to understand the difference—and how to react.

Here, we dig into both hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia, pinpointing the symptoms as well as  … Read More

Can Diabetics Drink Alcohol?

Can Diabetics Drink Alcohol?

· · Diabetes

If you have diabetes, you’ve probably been advised to watch your consumption of sugary soft drinks, coffees laden with flavored syrups, and sweet teas. All the sugar in those beverages can send your blood sugar skyrocketing. But can diabetics drink alcohol? After all, many alcoholic beverages contain carbohydrates, which your  … Read More

Tread Carefully to Protect Your Diabetic Feet

Tread Carefully to Protect Your Diabetic Feet

· · Diabetes

The nervous system can be thought of like a tree, with the spinal cord as the trunk and the peripheral nerves of the feet as the tiniest branches. And, just as those miniscule limbs are easily broken by the elements, so too can the small nerves in the feet be damaged  … Read More

How to Avoid Diabetes: 4 Steps to Take

How to Avoid Diabetes: 4 Steps to Take

· · Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is currently not preventable, though research focused on what causes it may one day lead to preventative measures. For type 2 and gestational diabetes, however, many of the treatment options involving lifestyle changes can help delay or even prevent diabetes. Here, we offer four lifestyle tips on  … Read More



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