Type 1 diabetes is currently not preventable, though research focused on what causes it may one day lead to preventative measures. For type 2 and gestational diabetes, however, many of the treatment options involving lifestyle changes can help delay or even prevent diabetes. Here, we offer four lifestyle tips on … Read More
With diabetes, the body either doesn’t make enough insulin or doesn’t use it effectively, causing blood sugar levels to rise. Along with medications, people are advised to eat plenty of vegetables, whole grains, non-fat dairy, lean poultry, and fish.
There are two types of diabetes: Type 1 is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system mistakenly destroys cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps move blood sugar (or glucose) to cells where it can provide energy. When insulin is unavailable for this purpose, blood sugar levels rise and diabetes ensues. People with this type of diabetes will need to take insulin to keep their blood sugar level under control.
In type 2 diabetes, the body becomes resistant to the effects of insulin and isn’t able to use this hormone effectively, also causing a rise in blood sugar. The pancreas has to work harder to increase its production of insulin, which eventually damages the organ.
What causes diabetes? Both genes and environmental factors play a role. Being overweight can also increase the risk of getting type 2 diabetes, because excess fat increases the body’s resistance to insulin.
How do you know you have diabetes? Increased thirst, frequent urination, and hunger are all signs of diabetes. Other diabetes symptoms include unexplained weight loss, fatigue, frequent infections, and blurred vision.
Consistently high blood sugar can damage the body’s organs over time. Untreated diabetes increases the risk for nerve damage, called diabetic neuropathy, as well as damage to the kidneys, eyes, feet, and skin. Proper treatment can control blood sugar and help prevent complications. Some people will need to count carbohydrates, or choose foods that are low on the glycemic index, meaning they won’t cause blood sugar to spike.
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Insulin is the mainstay of treatment for all type 1 diabetics. Some, but not all, people with type 2 diabetes or gestational diabetes also will require insulin therapy to regulate blood sugar levels.
Insulin is a hormone produced by the beta cells found within groups called islets in the pancreas, an … Read More
Diabetic neuropathy is a relatively common complication of diabetes. Some 60 to 70 percent of all people with diabetes experience some form of neuropathy in their lifetime.
While the reason this happens isn’t fully understood, researchers think that blood glucose affects how nerves transmit signals in the body and also damages … Read More
Different foods affect your blood sugar in different ways. Knowing which foods trigger rapid glucose spikes can help you avoid blood-sugar fluctuations and better manage your diabetes. With the glycemic index (GI), you have a tool to help guide your dietary decisions. By opting for low-GI foods, you can minimize … Read More
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The worldwide prevalence of diabetes is reaching epidemic proportions, recent data suggests. So, the critical question for everyone is: How do you get diabetes? A number of underlying factors are to blame for the global upswing in diabetes cases.
To avoid becoming part of the statistics, it’s vital to understand what … Read More
Research over the past few years has provided a much clearer understanding about how sugar should be treated as part of a diabetic or sugar-free diet. Even so, there are still misconceptions about what a sugar-free diet means, exactly. Type 1 diabetes is a disease in which the immune system attacks … Read More