With diabetes, the body either doesn’t make enough insulin or doesn’t use it effectively, causing blood sugar levels to rise. Along with medications, people are advised to eat plenty of vegetables, whole grains, non-fat dairy, lean poultry, and fish.
There are two types of diabetes: Type 1 is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system mistakenly destroys cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps move blood sugar (or glucose) to cells where it can provide energy. When insulin is unavailable for this purpose, blood sugar levels rise and diabetes ensues. People with this type of diabetes will need to take insulin to keep their blood sugar level under control.
In type 2 diabetes, the body becomes resistant to the effects of insulin and isn’t able to use this hormone effectively, also causing a rise in blood sugar. The pancreas has to work harder to increase its production of insulin, which eventually damages the organ.
What causes diabetes? Both genes and environmental factors play a role. Being overweight can also increase the risk of getting type 2 diabetes, because excess fat increases the body’s resistance to insulin.
How do you know you have diabetes? Increased thirst, frequent urination, and hunger are all signs of diabetes. Other diabetes symptoms include unexplained weight loss, fatigue, frequent infections, and blurred vision.
Consistently high blood sugar can damage the body’s organs over time. Untreated diabetes increases the risk for nerve damage, called diabetic neuropathy, as well as damage to the kidneys, eyes, feet, and skin. Proper treatment can control blood sugar and help prevent complications. Some people will need to count carbohydrates, or choose foods that are low on the glycemic index, meaning they won’t cause blood sugar to spike.
Take command of your diabetes, simplify blood sugar management, and make the most of today's breakthroughs in diabetes treatment!
Claim your FREE copy, right now, of our definitive guide on diabetes.
Normal glucose levels are important to monitor, even if you have not been diagnosed with diabetes. Diabetes, also known as diabetes mellitus, is the name of a group of diseases in which the body is unable to properly utilize blood sugar (glucose) for energy. There are three primary forms of … Read More
During your latest doctor’s appointment, your physician breaks the news that you have prediabetes. It means your blood-sugar levels are elevated, but not high enough to be considered type 2 diabetes. You’re surprised not only by the diagnosis, but also by the fact that you experienced no prediabetes symptoms. After … Read More
Diabetes is a condition characterized by an increase in blood sugar or glucose levels. If this increase is not controlled, it can lead to many other health problems in the long term. That’s the true danger of diabetes. For example, over time complications of diabetes can include heart or cardiovascular problems … Read More
In the not-too-distant past, snacking was a critical part of the daily routine for most people with diabetes. This was largely due to the more limited options for insulin therapy, and it meant that many people had to plan their diabetic snacks in order to avoid dangerous episodes of low … Read More
You’ve heard the saying that breakfast is the most important meal of the day. This is based in part on studies showing that breakfast can help jumpstart your metabolism for the day and on studies that have demonstrated an association between skipping breakfast and being overweight. As you fast overnight, … Read More
With three types of diabetes—type 1, type 2, and gestational—you might think the causes of diabetes are varied. Not really. The underlying factors of obesity, genetics, poor diet, and a lack of exercise set the stage for all three. Diabetes is a serious, progressive disease with no known cure, although … Read More
An astonishing 40 percent of U.S. adults will develop diabetes in their lifetime. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that results primarily from abdominal obesity, which leads to resistance to the hormone insulin. Poorly controlled type 2 diabetes is associated with a shockingly wide range of life-threatening complications, … Read More
Medications are a must for some people with diabetes, but there are other measures you can take to manage your condition. One of the key parts of managing all types of diabetes and ensuring that treatments are effective is monitoring your blood glucose level.
Many things influence your blood glucose … Read More
What can diabetics eat? That’s a natural question that people with diabetes may ask their doctors. With so many choices available to you, it’s only natural to wonder about which foods to avoid with diabetes. But a diabetes diet isn’t only about which, if any, types of foods are off … Read More