If you’ve ever had an ingrown toenail, that stabbing—and almost unbearable—pain and pressure is probably hard to forget. (Who knew that one tiny toenail could cause that much trouble?) An ingrown toenail occurs when the corner or sides of the nail dig into the skin. If the nail manages to
People across the globe enjoy (sometimes passionately) cheese, a food product with a tradition dating back thousands of years. It has a reputation, however, for causing health issues because of fat and sodium content. So is cheese healthy, or is cheese bad for you? To the surprise of many, there
Alternative treatment options—also known as complementary therapies—can be a good adjunct to medication when it comes to managing arthritis symptoms. Some of the options address physical causes of pain, but don’t forget that chronic pain is complicated. In arthritis, tissue inflammation, bone erosion, and nerve impingement can combine to “rewire”
The pain, stiffness, and restricted movement that accompany arthritis may seem like a good reason to curl up in bed, but exercise is beneficial in mild-to-moderate arthritis. The benefits include:
Healing. Exercise increases blood circulation and oxygenation within joint tissue, promoting repair.
Lower risk of complications. Exercise helps protect against complications that
Surgery may be considered as part of arthritis treatment when medication is no longer enough to manage your symptoms. The decision to head down the surgical route is a balancing act—you’ll need to consider your current symptoms and level of disability, and weigh them against the potential benefits, risks, and
Acrucial weapon in the fight against arthritis is medication that, in some cases, slows disease progression as well as easing pain, maximizing joint function, and improving quality of life. There is no one-size-fits-all solution—trial and error may be required to find the drug (or drug combination) that works for you.
There are more than 100 types of arthritis. The two most common causes of chronic disabling arthritis are osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and each has its own chapter in this report. In this chapter, we look at other common types of arthritis: gout, pseudogout, psoriatic arthritis, reactive arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease involving joints and other organs in the body. It affects about 1.5 million Americans and 1 percent of the population worldwide, causing chronic pain, joint deformity, and significant disability.
What Happens in Rheumatoid Arthritis?
The disease process of RA is complex and not fully
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common type of arthritis and a leading cause of chronic pain and disability, affecting approximately 30 million people in the United States alone. It is a degenerative disease that begins with deterioration of the cartilage in synovial joints. Cartilage serves as a protective pad between
There are more than 100 types of arthritis, so when it comes to diagnosis the first challenge is to determine the cause of the inflammation. The second challenge is to evaluate the extent of tissue involvement and level of disease. For example, is there an acute and self-limiting inflammation of