What Is Psychotic Depression?

Most people know the answer when they ask themselves, "Am I depressed?" But psychotic depression is a different beast all together. Someone experiencing psychotic depression is not only depressed but has also lost touch with reality.

psychotic depression

What are the symptoms of psychotic depression? People with psychotic depression can suffer from strange hallucinations or delusions.

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From time to time, we hear stories in the news of formerly good mothers “snapping” and injuring or even killing their children. These are extreme examples of people suffering from psychotic depression experiences. Obviously, this is a severe condition that requires prompt medical intervention.

The first step, as always, is to gain an understanding of the condition, one that “is under diagnosed and undertreated,”

Defining Psychotic Depression

People who are depressed may not feel like themselves. They often have exaggerated feelings of guilt or worthlessness and may be more sensitive to criticism or rejection. However, most people with major clinical depression remain in touch with reality.

Psychotic depression is a different story. In people who have this condition, depression symptoms are accompanied by strange hallucinations or delusions. Delusions are beliefs, often bizarre, that have no basis in reality.

Psychotic depression stories, for instance, might be include a woman convinced that her children have been possessed by demons, that aliens are controlling her behavior, or that government agents are following her. She may hear voices that confirm these beliefs. Those voices are hallucinations.

The types of delusions and hallucinations that accompany psychotic depression “are often related to your depressed feelings,” according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine. “For example, some patients may hear voices criticizing them, or telling them that they don’t deserve to live. The person may develop false beliefs about their body, for example, that they have cancer.”

People who have psychotic depression often recognize that their thoughts are distorted and may try to hide those thoughts from other people. In contrast, with other psychotic conditions, such as schizophrenia, people are convinced that their distorted thoughts or experiences actually reflect reality and often express frustration when no one believes them.

How Common is Psychotic Depression?

Experts say psychotic depression is more common than most people think, affecting up to 25 percent of people with severe, hospital-level signs of depression.

Yet relatively little research has been done on this condition and no medication is specifically approved for treating it. Usually, psychotic depression treatment involves combining antidepressant and antipsychotic medications. Sometimes additional depression treatment is needed, such as electroconvulsive therapy.

If you think you or anyone you know is suffering from psychotic depression, it is important to get medical help immediately, as the combination of depressed mood and distorted thoughts or feelings can result in someone harming themselves or others.

For further reading on symptoms of depression, see these University Health News posts:

As a service to our readers, University Health News offers a vast archive of free digital content. Please note the date published or last update on all articles. No content on this site, regardless of date, should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician.

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Alison Palkhivala

Alison Palkhivala is an award-winning writer and journalist specializing in lifestyle, nutrition, health, and medicine. She has authored the Belvoir special report Overcoming Depression and the University Health News book … Read More

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