Cancer

Cancer

More than half a million people die from cancer annually. But targeted therapies and other treatments offer hope to countless more.

Cancer starts when genetic changes cause cells to divide out of control and form tumors, which can then spread to other parts of the body. The disease can affect any organ. Ovarian cancer is the most deadly reproductive cancer in women. Often, it’s caught at a late stage because no screening tests exist. Ovarian cancer symptoms include abdominal bloating, pain in the abdomen or pelvis, and a rapid feeling of fullness while eating.

Skin cancers such as melanoma and basal cell carcinoma are on the rise, fueled by sun exposure. Basal cell carcinoma is by far the most common type of skin cancer, with 3.5 million new cases diagnosed each year.

Leukemia is a cancer of the blood. Depending on the type of leukemia, it can affect white blood cells of the immune system, red blood cells that carry oxygen throughout the body, or platelets that clot the blood. Leukemia symptoms vary depending on the type of the disease, but can include fatigue, fever, chills, easy bleeding or bruising, and swollen lymph nodes.

Colon cancer primarily affects people over age 50. This type of cancer starts in the lower part of the intestine (colon). It forms growths called polyps, which can be identified on a screening colonoscopy. Colon cancer symptoms include blood in the stool, stomach cramps, diarrhea or constipation, and unintended weight loss.

Although lung cancer is not the most common cancer, it’s the leading cause of cancer-related death. Smoking is the biggest risk factor for lung cancer. Exposure to chemicals such as asbestos accounts for a smaller number of cases. Lung cancer symptoms include a cough, chest pain, and shortness of breath.

Detect It Early!

Download this expert FREE guide, Detecting Cancer: Breast cancer symptoms, skin cancer symptoms, colon cancer symptoms, cervical cancer symptoms, and more.

Learn how to recognize cancer warning signs and make the best decisions for care and treatment.

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Colonoscopy: Key to Heading Off Colorectal Cancer

Colonoscopy: Key to Heading Off Colorectal Cancer

· · Cancer

A recent report from the American Cancer Society (ACS) indicates that colorectal cancer rates, and the rate of death from the disease, have fallen in people age 50 and older. ACS experts conclude that the declines are probably due to increased screening for the disease.

Several screening methods are available, with  … Read More

Reduce Your Risk Before Stomach Cancer Symptoms Develop

Reduce Your Risk Before Stomach Cancer Symptoms Develop

· · Cancer

Many years ago, stomach cancer was among the most lethal forms of cancer in the United States. Today, though, the disease is less common in the U.S., although it remains a leading cause of cancer death in less developed parts of the world.

Stomach cancer often begins as precancerous changes in  … Read More

Colorectal Cancers: Screening Saves Lives

Colorectal Cancers: Screening Saves Lives

· · Cancer

Colorectal cancer remains one of the most curable cancers—if it’s detected early. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recently renewed its advice stating that screening for colorectal cancers should begin at age 50 and continue to at least age 75.

For people age 76 to 85, the USPSTF noted that  … Read More

A Lower Weight May Mean a Lower Risk of Lymphedema

A Lower Weight May Mean a Lower Risk of Lymphedema

· · Cancer

Advances in medical, radiation, and surgical treatments are extending the lives of many women with breast cancer. But as survival rates increase and more and more women live longer, they also face the possibility of experiencing delayed side effects from their cancer treatments. Among these potential side effects is lymphedema,  … Read More

Melanomas Can Affect All Races

Melanomas Can Affect All Races

· · Cancer

People with fair complexions, red hair, blue eyes, and freckles typically are considered to be at greater risk of skin cancer than their darker-skinned counterparts. Research has shown that melanomas and other skin cancers occur more commonly in Caucasians than in other racial groups.

However, a new study suggests that African-Americans  … Read More

Uterine Cancer: Symptoms Can Lead to Early Diagnosis

Uterine Cancer: Symptoms Can Lead to Early Diagnosis

· · Cancer

Endometrial cancer is the most common cancer of the female reproductive system. Endometrial and other cancers of the uterine body (the upper part of the uterus) are newly diagnosed in more than 54,000 women each year, according to The American Cancer Society. Almost all uterine cancers originate in the inner  … Read More

Leukemia Symptoms: Know the Signs

Leukemia Symptoms: Know the Signs

· · Cancer

You’re feverish and fatigued. Your joints ache, and your lymph glands have swollen. Sounds like you have signs of the flu or any number of infections. But they’re also common leukemia symptoms.

In general terms, leukemia is cancer of your body’s blood-forming tissues, such as the bone marrow. Signs of leukemia  … Read More

Is There an Alternative to Mammogram Screening?

Is There an Alternative to Mammogram Screening?

· · Cancer

For years, the mammogram has served as the primary tool for breast cancer screening. Mammography can identify breast cancer in its earliest stages, when it is smaller and has not spread beyond the breast. In the search for a potential alternative to mammogram screening, researchers are studying other tests, such  … Read More

Bone Cancer Treatment: Stopping the Spread of Sarcoma

Bone Cancer Treatment: Stopping the Spread of Sarcoma

· · Cancer

When you hear the term “bone cancer,” odds are it’s being used to refer to secondary cancers that have spread, or metastasized, to the bone from other parts of the body, like the lung, breast, colon, or prostate. The term also might be applied to multiple myeloma, which forms in  … Read More

Detect It Early!

Download this expert FREE guide, Detecting Cancer: Breast cancer symptoms, skin cancer symptoms, colon cancer symptoms, cervical cancer symptoms, and more.

Learn how to recognize cancer warning signs and make the best decisions for care and treatment.



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