Women’s Health

Women’s Health

Although men and women share symptoms and treatment of myriad diseases, there are some ailments unique to the female gender, chiefly cancers of the reproductive system and breasts.

It’s acknowledged, however, that the primary task of successful aging for women entails pushing back other conditions and concerns that also affect them most intimately. Some of those conditions include:

Osteopenia and osteoporosis: With time, the bones become weaker, more brittle, and likely to fracture. Doctors can determine the amount of bone lost with a bone mineral density (BMD) test. Results are expressed as a T-score, which is based on a comparison to the bones of a healthy 30 year old. People with normal bone density have a T-score that is within 1 standard deviation (SD) of a 30 year old’s score. A score 1 to 2.5 SD below a young adult’s (-1 to -2.5 SD) is considered low bone mass, or osteopenia. Osteoporosis is diagnosed in anyone with a score of -2.5 SD or lower. People with osteoporosis need to take medicines such as bisphosphonates to strengthen their bones and prevent fractures.

Ovarian cancer is the most deadly reproductive cancer in women. Often, it’s caught at a late stage because no screening tests exist. Ovarian cancer symptoms include abdominal bloating, pain in the abdomen or pelvis, and a rapid feeling of fullness while eating.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (or COPD, for short) is a lung condition that makes it harder to breathe. COPD is not one, but two conditions: emphysema and chronic bronchitis.

Depression goes far beyond the occasional feelings of sadness. The depression definition that mental health experts use is a persistently down mood and loss of interest that affects a person’s day-to-day life, and can even lead to thoughts of suicide. The condition is also called major depressive disorder or clinical depression, and it affects nearly 15 million Americans. Although depression typically starts in the 20s or 30s, it can affect people of all ages. Older adults are particularly vulnerable to depression because of illness and the loss of loved ones.

With diabetes, both genes and environmental factors play a role. Being overweight can also increase the risk of getting type 2 diabetes, because excess fat increases the body’s resistance to insulin.How do you know you have this condition? Increased thirst, frequent urination, and hunger are all signs of diabetes. Other diabetes symptoms include unexplained weight loss, fatigue, frequent infections, and blurred vision.

Along with a lack of sleep and overwork, fatigue causes range from illnesses to medications. Anemia, thyroid disease, and heart failure are all common conditions linked to fatigue. Taking certain medicines—including antidepressants, blood pressure medicines, and anti-anxiety drugs—can also contribute to fatigue.

Chronic fatigue syndrome causes consistent fatigue that doesn’t go away, along with vague complaints such as muscle aches, headaches, memory loss, disrupted sleep, a sore throat, and joint or muscle pain.

Glaucoma is another common vision problem that affects older adults. In glaucoma, a buildup of pressure inside the eye damages the optic nerve and can eventually cause blindness. Looking for glaucoma symptoms alone won’t always catch the disease in time, because the condition often causes no pain or vision loss until the damage is already significant.

Dementia symptoms vary by type, but can include difficulty remembering names and events, trouble communicating, depression, poor judgment, confusion, behavior changes, and sleep disturbances. People who are suspected of having dementia will undergo a series of dementia tests, or Alzheimer’s tests, to determine whether they have lost memory and cognitive function. Doctors will ask the person and his or her family member about any memory problems and trouble completing daily activities. Other tests will be done to evaluate memory, attention, problem-solving, and language skills. During these tests, the health care provider will ask the person a series of questions and assign tasks, such as remembering the names of common objects or drawing a face of a clock. Brain scans such as computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or positron emission tomography (PET) may also be done to assess brain structure and function.

Migraine headaches are a common source of chronic pain, affecting 1 in 10 Americans, most of them women. These are not just everyday headaches. Migraine symptoms also include nausea, vomiting, light and sound sensitivity, auras, and other visual disturbances. Because doctors still don’t fully understand what causes migraines, they haven’t been able to develop a cure for this condition. Treatments aim to reduce the frequency of migraine attacks and relieve symptoms when they start.

Fibromyalgia is another poorly understood condition. The estimated 5 million Americans who have this condition experience fatigue and pain in particular spots around their body. Other fibromyalgia symptoms include sleep problems, headaches, sensitivity to heat and cold, bowel issues, and memory problems.

Everyone feels stressed out from time to time. The leading causes of Americans’ stress include finances, work, family responsibilities, and health issues. Constant stress can lead to worry or anxiety. In people with anxiety disorders, the worry is constant, and detrimental.

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2018 WHA Index

· · Women's Health

BONES/JOINTS/PAIN

You can play a major role in the success of your hip replacement (Feb, 6)
Improve your understanding of osteoporosis (Apr, 1)
Feed your bones with vital nutrients (Apr, 1)
Hip joints: Is preservation or replacement the best option? (May, 3)
Reduce your risk of falls and fractures (May,  … Read More

Early Detection of Gynecological Cancer Means Higher Cure Rates

· · Cancer

Approximately 100,000 women will be diagnosed with cervical, endometrial (uterine), or ovarian cancer in 2018, according to the American Cancer Society. For all of these cancers, the earlier they are diagnosed, the easier they are to treat successfully. However, of these three types of cancer, only cervical cancer has a  … Read More

Shining a Light on Incontinence

· · Women's Health

More than half of all women experience urinary incontinence at some point—and many are suffering needlessly. Whether they are embarrassed or simply accept the condition as a normal part of life, an estimated 55 percent of those women don’t even mention it to their physicians.

The Women’s Preventive Services Initiative (WPSI),  … Read More

Ask the Doctor: Ovarian Cysts; Lyme Disease

· · Women's Health

Q: Are there any symptoms associated with ovarian cysts?

A: Ovarian cyst symptoms may include a dull ache or a sharp pain in the lower abdomen, a feeling of heaviness or fullness in the abdomen, and bloating. However, many women with ovarian cysts have no symp-toms.

An ovarian cyst is a sac filled  … Read More

Get Relief From Vaginal Dryness and Pain

· · Women's Health

Postmenopausal women often have a variety of concerns and problems that can result from the changes in their hormone levels. Margaret Polaneczky, MD, a gynecologist at the Iris Cantor Women’s Health Center at Weill Cornell Medicine, says that vaginal dryness is one of the most common complaints among postmenopausal women.
Start  … Read More

Ease Symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

· · Digestive Health

Abdominal pain, gas, bloating, diarrhea, and constipation are symptoms common to several different conditions, one of which is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). But recognizing IBS isn’t always easy, since many of its symptoms are common to several other medical conditions.
Diagnosing IBS
The official definition of IBS is recurrent abdominal pain or  … Read More



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