-Opportunities for long-term cancer survivors to achieve higher quality of life with lifestyle. Researchers from Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center studied the lifestyle of 753 older, long-term survivors of breast, prostate and colorectal cancer. There was a high incidence of suboptimal behaviors in this group, emphasizing that there are potential opportunities for improvement in quality of life in this population through physical activity and healthy diet.
Cancer, September 2009
-People with diabetes less likely to suffer vision loss. In a study of nearly 1,000 Wisconsin residents with type 1 diabetes, researchers found that visual loss was less common among those diagnosed with type 1 diabetes in the 1970s, compared to those diagnosed earlier. Better blood sugar control and improved treatment of diabetes-related eye disorders were behind the lower numbers of visual impairment.
Ophthalmology, October 2009
-Dietary fiber may play an important role in the immune system. Australian researchers discovered a mechanism that links diet, gut bacteria and the immune system. Normal intestinal bacteria positively influence immune responses and protect against inflammatory diseases through short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) produced by the fermentation of dietary fiber by intestinal bacteria. The mechanism? SCFAs bind the immune cell molecule, GPR43, which profoundly affects inflammatory responses.
Nature, October 2009