Research Round-Up: Colorectal Health, MIND Diet, Coffee Drinkers

More Fruit and Fish, Less Soda for Colorectal Health

High fish and fruit, and low soft drink intake is the best eating pattern to reduce colorectal cancer, according to researchers. Food questionnaires from 808 people undergoing screening or diagnostic colonoscopies linked this diet pattern to an 86 percent reduced risk of advanced pre-cancerous colorectal polyps, compared to those who did not make all three healthy choices. Consumption of even two or three components of the Mediterranean diet compared to none halved the risk of advanced polyps.

(ESMO 19th World Congress on Gastrointestinal Cancer, June 30, 2017)

MIND Diet Benefits Brain

The MIND—an acronym for Mediterranean-DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay—diet significantly protects cognition, reducing risk for dementia, research shows. The study included food questionnaires from 5,907 healthy, retired adults (mean age of 68 years). Participants with mid to high adherence to the diet were significantly less likely to have poor cognitive performance, compared to those with low adherence. The diet includes 10 food groups: green leafy vegetables, other vegetables, nuts, berries, beans, whole grains, fish, poultry, olive oil, and wine.

(Alzheimer’s Association International Conference 2017)

Coffee Drinkers May Live Longer

Daily coffee drinkers may be as much as 18 percent less likely to die over a 16-year period, compared to non-coffee drinkers. The study of 185,855 middle age and older Americans of multiple ethnicities from 1993-2012 assessed participants’ coffee intake. During the 16-year average follow-up about 58,000 died. Compared with drinking no coffee, those who drank one to three cups a day were 12-18 percent less likely to die. Results were similar for decaffeinated coffee drinkers.

(Annals of Internal Medicine, July 2017)

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