Just In: DASH Diet Best at Lowering Blood Pressure

Eating a variety of fruits and vegetables, low-fat dairy, lean sources of protein, and whole grains, had the largest effect on blood pressure levels.

The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) Diet, which centers on eating a variety of fruits and vegetables, low-fat dairy, lean sources of protein, and whole grains, had the largest net effect on blood pressure (BP) levels, according to a recent meta-analysis. The study, which included 24 randomized controlled trials with 23,858 participants (45 years old on average), evaluated the effectiveness of different dietary interventions on BP. While the DASH diet had the largest effect (− 7.62 mm Hg systolic BP and − 4.22 mm Hg diasystolic BP), the low-sodium, low-sodium/high-potassium, low-sodium/low-calorie, and low-calorie diets also produced significant reductions in systolic and diastolic BP, and the Mediterranean diet was associated with reduced diastolic BP, but not lower systolic BP.

—Hypertension, February 2016

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