A Touch of Sugar Now Called Pre-Diabetes

Diabetes is on the rise. To stem the tide, public healthexperts want people to take prevention seriously. Those most at risk are peoplewith higher-than-normal blood glucose levels that aren’t high enough to signaldiabetes. Until now, this was referred to as “impaired glucosetolerance.” To drive home the point that this condition eventually leads todiabetes if not kept in check, the term “pre-diabetes” has beenadopted by the American Diabetes Association in conjunction with the NationalInstitutes of Health.

Based on the new guidelines, a person with a fasting bloodglucose between 110 and 125 is “pre-diabetic” (normal is below 110).Pre-diabetes is typically symptom-free, even though it is likely to develop intodiabetes and increases the risk of heart disease by 50%. Treatment focuses ondiet and moderate exercise (e.g. walking for 30 minutes a day, five days aweek), with the goal of losing about 5% to 10% of body weight.

Diabetes Care, April2002.

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