You scraped your knee a few days ago. Now your cut is surrounded by angry, red skin that’s sore, warm to the touch, and emitting a gross amount of pus. Are you suffering from an infected wound? Chances are the answer is “yes.” Here’s what to … Read More
what is gout
What is gout? Gout is a type of arthritis that causes severe pain, redness, stiffness, and swelling of the joints. Often, the big toe is affected.
People develop gout when they have a buildup of uric acid in their joints. Uric acid is a byproduct produced when the body breaks down substances called purines, which are found in foods like liver, mackerel, beans, peas, and beer. When too much uric acid builds up in the blood, it can congregate in the joints and form sharp crystals.
You?re more likely to get gout if you eat a diet high in purine-containing foods. People who are overweight or obese are also more prone to this condition, because their body naturally produces more uric acid, and their kidneys have to work harder to remove it. Diseases that accompany obesity, such as diabetes and high blood pressure, contribute to gout risk. Certain medicines, including diuretics and cyclosporine, also make you more likely to develop gout.
To determine whether you have gout or another type of arthritis, your doctor may take a sample of fluid from your joint and examine it to look for uric acid crystals. Gout is typically treated with medicines that bring down inflammation and reduce pain, such as NSAIDs (ibuprofen, naproxen, and others), steroids, and colchicine. You may also get medicine to block uric acid production, or help the kidneys remove it more efficiently. Lowering your intake of foods high in purines, and exercising to keep your weight in check are two ways to prevent?and relieve?gout.
Fruits and vegetables, along with whole grains and low-fat/fat-free dairy products, are cornerstones of the heart- and blood-pressure-friendly DASH diet. Not only are they generally low in sodium, but many of them are good sources of other nutrients that are associated with lower blood pressure:
- Potassium: Good dietary sources include … Read More
The sensation of twitching while sleeping is a common occurrence, but many people who experience sudden but brief muscle movements at night aren’t even aware that they’re happening. Sometimes, however, the twitching or jerking of your hand or foot—a condition known as sleep myoclonus—is enough to … Read More
The Glycemic Index (GI) is a rating system that measures how much a carbohydrate-containing food raises your blood-sugar levels. The lower a food is on the GI, the lower the effect on your blood sugar. Low-glycemic foods also can reduce your risk … Read More
Alternative treatment options can be a good adjunct to medication when it comes to managing arthritis symptoms. Some of the options address physical causes of pain, but don’t forget that chronic pain is complicated.
In arthritis, tissue inflammation, bone erosion, and nerve impingement can combine to “rewire” your nervous system, making … Read More
Have you ever been warned that you should cut bread out of your diet because it's full of carbohydrates, makes you gain weight, and is bad for your health? If you’re a bread lover, sourdough bread may be a great option.
Sourdough bread's health benefits make it an … Read More
Close your eyes and sit up straight. Take a deep breath while you count to five, then count to five again as you exhale. Go ahead and try it right now for six breaths. It feels good, doesn’t it? Here’s what happens when you do easy breathing exercises:
- First, you … Read More
There are several reasons why certain foods are good for your cholesterol and your heart health. Some have direct effects on reducing LDL and/or triglycerides. Others are more filling and, if they’re low in calories, will help with weight loss. Plus, by filling up on these healthier options, you’re not … Read More
The “abs” get most of the attention in advertisements for strength devices, and a big waist is something almost everyone tries to avoid. But the first sign of weak core muscles is poor posture—both standing and sitting. Other signs are back pain and muscle weakness.
The American Physical Therapy Association … Read More
SIBO treatment (small intestinal bacterial overgrowth) is often needed for many people with chronic gas, bloating, and abdominal pain. (Find a full discussion of SIBO symptoms by clicking here.)
An increasingly recognized problem, SIBO occurs when bacteria that normally occupy the colon migrate to the Read More