what is BPH treatment?

Treatments depend on the severity of symptoms and a man’s overall health. A few medications are used to treat BPH symptoms. Alpha-adrenergic blockers such as tamsulosin (Flomax) and terazosin (Hytrin) relax the smooth muscle of the prostate and bladder to improve urine flow. 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors like finasteride (Proscar) and dutasteride (Avodart) block the production of a hormone that triggers prostate growth.

If medicines alone aren’t enough to relieve symptoms, surgery may be done to remove excess prostate tissue. The doctor can remove tissue in the inner part of the prostate with an electric current or laser during a procedure called transurethral prostatectomy (TURP). Men with smaller prostates can have transurethral incision of the prostate (TUIP), which widens the urethra to relieve pressure. Holmium laser enucleation of prostate (HoLEP) uses lasers to vaporize excess prostate tissue.

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