Up to 60 percent of adults have had nocturnal leg cramps. These recurrent, painful cramps usually strike the calf muscles and can cause frequent awakenings and severe insomnia. They are more common in people aged 50 years and older. If you’ve suffered through them, read on to learn how to
Tag: vascular disease
Cholesterol levels, as you likely know, may be linked to our risk of heart attack and stroke—two of the major preventable causes of disability and death in the Western world. If you have an annual medical or regular health check-up, it’s likely that you’ve had your cholesterol levels checked.
Regardless of what your test results indicate or what your risk category is, one fact is inescapable: Following a heart-healthy lifestyle can help you minimize your risk of heart attack, stroke, and other adverse cardiovascular outcomes, as well as improve your overall health and quality of life.
Based on the results
A third or more of Americans have high blood pressure, or hypertension. What is high blood pressure? When the heart pumps, the pressure against the walls of your arteries is abnormally high. The excess pressure, if not controlled, puts you at risk for heart attack, stroke, kidney damage, and other serious
Although smart dietary choices can help protect your brain against age-related decline, the evidence that physical activity contributes to cognitive health is even stronger than the associations between nutrition and cognition. That’s why the most important lifestyle change you can make for your brain happens between meals—increasing your level of
The term “nutrient” can refer to vitamins and minerals, or even less-well-known nutrients, such as flavonoids. All these are im-portant, but the big picture when it comes to nutrition and brain power concerns what are referred to as “macronutrients”: fats, carbohydrates (“carbs”), and protein. It’s no wonder that so many
Unless you live under a rock, you know that smoking is bad for your health. Tobacco-related diseases kill more than 480,000 people each year in the United States alone, accounting for around 20 percent of all premature deaths. If you’re a smoker, the habit can shorten your life by up
Until recently, the term “chronic obstructive pulmonary disease” (COPD) was used to describe two conditions—emphysema and chronic bronchitis—that make it difficult to breathe in and out. In 2017, the Global Initiative on Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) updated its census report on the diagnosis, prevention, and management of COPD to reflect
Nutrition scientists often differentiate between “energy-dense” and “nutrient-dense” foods. In terms of nutrition, “energy” equals calories, so foods that are energy-dense contain a lot of calories for the amount of food—sugar, for example, which packs 773 calories per cup. The same amount of a non-energy dense food like chopped carrots,
The heel of the foot is sometimes called the “hindfoot,” and people understandably think of it first as a bone, also called the calcaneus. But there are actually many different types of tissue that make up the heel. Disorders of any of these tissues and the structures they form can