Up to 60 percent of adults have had nocturnal leg cramps. These recurrent, painful cramps usually strike the calf muscles and can cause frequent awakenings and severe insomnia. They are more common in people aged 50 years and older. If you’ve suffered through them, read on to learn how to
Tag: spinal stenosis
The spine is the body?s scaffolding. Its stacked column of 26 bones supports the head, shoulders, and upper body, and enables you to stand upright, bend over, and move. A number of conditions can affect the spine, causing pain and disrupting mobility. Spinal stenosis involves a narrowing of the spaces in various parts of the spine. This narrowing can put pressure on the spinal cord and nerves, causing pain or numbness in the back, arms, and/or legs. Some people with spinal stenosis also have trouble controlling bowel or bladder function.
You?re more likely to develop spinal stenosis as you get older, due to wear and tear on the spine. Some people inherit a vulnerability to spinal narrowing. Other causes of spinal stenosis include herniated disks, tumors, and spinal injuries that dislodge or fracture the vertebrae of the spine.
Doctors use imaging tests such as x-rays and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to detect damage to the spine and diagnose spinal stenosis. Treatment for spinal stenosis can include medicines to ease nerve pain and reduce inflammation, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), muscle relaxants, antidepressants, and anti-seizure drugs. Opioid medicines can help with severe discomfort, but these powerful pain relievers need to be used with caution because they can become addictive.
Steroid injections can help relieve inflammation and reduce pressure on the spine. Physical therapy helps to strengthen the muscles that support the spine. A physical therapist can also teach exercises that improve flexibility and balance. Some people may need to use assistive devices, such as a cane or walker, to give them more stability while walking.
When these treatments don?t help, surgery may be an option. Procedures for spinal stenosis remove part of the affected vertebrae, creating an opening that relieves pressure on nerves. Metal hardware may be implanted to fill the gap left by the removed section(s), and keep the spine upright.
Because kidney pain location is frequently focused in the upper back, it’s easy to mistake kidney pain for upper back pain. But kidney pain isn’t related to muscular issues, or to other causes of back pain, such as the pinched nerve that can trigger spinal stenosis symptoms. Kidney pain also
Lower back pain is among the most common reasons that patients see their doctors. There are many possible causes, from arthritis, spinal stenosis, and disc disease to the far more common muscular sprains and strains. But it can be difficult to know if the pain is due to a minor
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common type of arthritis and a leading cause of chronic pain and disability, affecting approximately 30 million people in the United States alone. It is a degenerative disease that begins with deterioration of the cartilage in synovial joints. Cartilage serves as a protective pad between
Low back pain is extremely common and affects most people at some point in their lifetime. Estimates show that up to 36 percent of us will suffer from a new or recurrent episode of low back pain in a given year. Much of it originates in the lumbar area. If
What is spinal stenosis? It’s a condition in which the spinal canal narrows due to:
A herniated disc that encroaches on the spinal canal from the front
Thickened ligaments that encroach on the canal from both sides.
A narrowed spinal canal impedes the blood supply to the nerves, causing pain. Bending forward increases
Almost any list of the most commonly reported pain conditions places back pain at or near the top. In a National Institute of Health Statistics survey regarding the most common types of pain, 27 percent of the respondents mentioned back pain first.
Risk Factors for Back Pain
Back pain does not discriminate.
Your “core” includes your abdominal and pelvic muscles, as well as your lower back muscles. All the muscles in your core hold you up and stabilize your body. Keeping your core strong is critical to every move you make, as well as proper breathing, good digestive function, and good posture.
Only a small minority of people who battle low back pain will need surgery. Back pain surgery is either done in an emergency or electively (by choice). In this chapter, we’ll consider what goes into the decision to choose elective surgery as well as the situations that create the need
According to the American Association of Neurological Surgeons, 90 percent of people with low back pain will recover within a month even without any treatment. Thus, acute and subacute pain is best managed conservatively.
The latest guidelines by the American College of Physicians (Annals of Internal Medicine, April 2017) strongly