Tag: ra

2. Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Conditions

Orthopaedic conditions directly involve bones, muscles, and joints. Of the 38 conditions covered in this report, 20 are orthopaedic in nature and are described in this chapter. The 17 non-orthopaedic conditions are discussed in Chapter 3.
Achilles Tendinitis
The Achilles tendon runs along the back of the lower leg, connecting the calf

News Briefs: Thinking Good Thoughts; Higher Eduction & Alzheimer’s Disease

Thinking Good Thoughts About Yourself Provides Mental, Physical Benefits
People who took the time to think kind and encouraging thoughts about themselves and others developed greater self-compassion and connection to others and experienced improved heart function, according to a small study published recently in Clinical Psychological Science. Researchers divided study participants

Pain Behind Knee? Injury vs. Disease-Related Causes

Pain Behind Knee? Injury vs. Disease-Related Causes

Pain behind knee can be caused by a variety of conditions, the vast majority of which are injury-related. Some systemic diseases, however, can cause pain-behind-knee symptoms, and some life-threatening diseases also can be a source.

Here, we take a closer look at injuries as well as diseases that might lead to

11. Caring for Yourself in Arthritis

Living with arthritis can be tough. It affects you physically and emotionally, and also can impact all of the practical aspects of your life. Moreover, when it comes to arthritis care, everyone is different: What works for one person may not work for you—so experiment, and come up with a

10. Alternative Arthritis Treatments

Alternative treatment options—also known as complementary therapies—can be a good adjunct to medication when it comes to managing arthritis symptoms. Some of the options address physical causes of pain, but don’t forget that chronic pain is complicated. In arthritis, tissue inflammation, bone erosion, and nerve impingement can combine to “rewire”

9. Arthritis and Diet

According to the World Health Organization, an unhealthy diet is one of the major risk factors for a range of chronic diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes, and other conditions that are linked to obesity. While there is limited research on possible direct links between diet and arthritis, there is

7. Arthritis Surgery

Surgery may be considered as part of arthritis treatment when medication is no longer enough to manage your symptoms. The decision to head down the surgical route is a balancing act—you’ll need to consider your current symptoms and level of disability, and weigh them against the potential benefits, risks, and

6. Medications for Arthritis

Acrucial weapon in the fight against arthritis is medication that, in some cases, slows disease progression as well as easing pain, maximizing joint function, and improving quality of life. There is no one-size-fits-all solution—trial and error may be required to find the drug (or drug combination) that works for you.

5. Other Types of Arthritis

There are more than 100 types of arthritis. The two most common causes of chronic disabling arthritis are osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and each has its own chapter in this report. In this chapter, we look at other common types of arthritis: gout, pseudogout, psoriatic arthritis, reactive arthritis

4. Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease involving joints and other organs in the body. It affects about 1.5 million Americans and 1 percent of the population worldwide, causing chronic pain, joint deformity, and significant disability.
What Happens in Rheumatoid Arthritis?
The disease process of RA is complex and not fully

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