If you’ve been given a diagnosis of prostate cancer, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), or prostatitis, you may feel overwhelmed. Prostate disease causes frustrating and unpleasant symptoms that may seriously affect your quality of life. As with any illness, though, you’ll find it helpful to be well informed so that you
Prostatitis refers to not one, but several conditions in which the prostate becomes swollen and inflamed. Unlike the prostate growth known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), which typically affects older men, prostatitis is more common in men under age 50.
A few different types of prostatitis exist. By far the most common form is chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. What causes this condition isn?t clear, but it may stem from a bacterial infection, an immune response to a past infection, or damage to the pelvic nerve.
Symptoms of chronic prostatitis include a frequent and urgent need to urinate, painful urination, lower abdominal pain, and uncomfortable ejaculation. The condition can be hard to diagnose, because tests for bacteria are usually negative. Chronic prostatitis treatments include antibiotics to clear up an infection, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for pain, and alpha-adrenergic blockers to relieve urinary symptoms.
Acute bacterial prostatitis and chronic bacterial prostatitis are less common forms of prostatitis. In acute bacterial prostatitis, bacteria infect the prostate gland, causing sudden and painful inflammation. Symptoms are similar to those of chronic prostatitis, including frequent and urgent urination. The main treatment is a two-to-six-week course of antibiotics.
Bacteria also cause chronic bacterial prostatitis, although the symptoms tend to be milder and last for at least three months. Treatment also involves antibiotics, but the course is longer than it is with acute bacterial prostatitis. Men must take antibiotics for at least four to 12 weeks, and sometimes for several months, to fully eradicate the infection.
The rarest form of this prostate condition is asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis, which is usually detected during an examination for another urinary tract or reproductive condition. Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis causes no symptoms?the only evidence of the disease is white blood cells in the urine or semen?and it does not need to be treated.
As you have learned in this report, prostate disease and treatments for prostate disease can cause troublesome symptoms, the most common of which are erectile dysfunction (ED) and urinary problems, including incontinence. These symptoms are not only inconvenient and unpleasant but they can also significantly interfere with everyday life and
The term prostatitis describes inflammation of the prostate gland. Unlike other prostatic conditions, prostatitis affects younger and older men alike. It is common, affecting up to 1 in 12 men in their lifetime and keeping urologists busy (it’s responsible for 25 percent of all visits to urology clinics).
In the United
There is an expression in medicine that “common things are common,” and benign prostatic hyperplasia is most certainly common, affecting more than 50 percent of men in their 60s and up to 90 percent of men in their 80s. BPH is a non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland due to
Hidden deep within the male pelvis is a small gland about the size of a walnut known as the prostate. The prostate is an essential part of the male reproductive system. But it suffers from a serious design flaw.
Similar to a rubber ring, the prostate surrounds the urethra, the thin,
You may be reading this special report because you suffer from prostate disease. It could be that you have urinary symptoms and are wondering what the cause might be, or maybe you have a diagnosis and want to learn more about your condition. Or perhaps you’re reading this because
It’s well known that the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test used to screen for prostate cancer is imprecise. Elevations in PSA may signal prostate cancer, but they also may be due to nonmalignant prostate conditions.
Further complicating the screening process is that several medications and a number of other modifiable factors may
There is no universally accepted “normal” PSA level. In the past, a PSA of 4 nanograms per milliliter of blood (ng/ml) or less was considered normal; however, more recent studies have shown that some men with PSAs below 4 have prostate cancer and some men with PSAs over 4 do
Of all the diseases affecting men, prostatitis is among the most perplexing. It encompasses an array of symptoms that vary from person to person, making treatment decisions difficult. Likewise, the factors that can trigger prostatitis symptoms or worsen them are as diverse as the symptoms, leaving many men with little
An infection can occur almost anywhere in the genitourinary system. In fact, urinary tract infections are so common, they’ve been branded with a widely used abbreviation: UTI. Scrotal infections such as epididymitis aren’t as common as UTIs and haven’t earned a convenient abbreviation, but they can be extremely painful and