Ah-ah-ah-CHOO! You’re sneezing again. It’s that time of year when every other person seems to have the sniffles—nasal congestion, a runny nose, and frequent sneezing. These common symptoms most often are caused by two conditions that can be difficult to tell apart: allergies and the common cold. When it comes
Unless you live under a rock, you know that smoking is bad for your health. Tobacco-related diseases kill more than 480,000 people each year in the United States alone, accounting for around 20 percent of all premature deaths. If you’re a smoker, the habit can shorten your life by up
Those at risk for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease may wonder, “Is COPD fatal?” While there is no cure, it’s important to keep in mind that when you’re dealing with COPD signs and symptoms, various treatment approaches can help you avoid complications.
Some strategies are as straightforward as getting immunized against
Delirium is a medical syndrome—not a disease—in which there is a rapid onset of confusion, altered consciousness, and behavioral changes. Unlike dementia, which shares some of these symptoms, the onset of delirium is usually within hours or days (as opposed to months or years).
Delirium is considered a medical emergency.
Pneumonia is an infection in one or both lungs caused by bacteria, a virus (such as the flu virus), or another infectious agent. The severity of pneumonia depends on several factors, including which germ is responsible, and the strength of the individual’s immune system.
When the immune system detects an infection,
Influenza—commonly called the flu—is a viral infection of the respiratory system. It affects the lungs, as well as the whole body. Most people who get the flu come down with it during “flu season,” which runs from November to March. Children are more susceptible to getting the flu, and often
Bronchiectasis is a chronic obstructive airway disease in which the bronchi become damaged and easily collapse. Bronchi walls contain elastic and muscle fibers, which allow the bronchial tubes to expand and contract while maintaining their shape. In people with bronchiectasis, the elastic and muscular components in the walls of medium-sized
Every year, between 5 percent and 20 percent of the U.S. population contracts the influenza virus, tens of thousands are hospitalized, and thousands die from flu-related illness, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Therefore, it’s critically important to recognize the first symptoms of flu—and seek medical attention quickly. Waiting for
Asthma is a chronic disease that often starts in childhood but can occur for the first time in adulthood, even later in life. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 18.4 million adults and 6.2 million children in the United States have asthma.
Asthma causes inflammation in the
Even though COPD cannot be cured, it can be treated. Treatment is aimed at reducing symptoms, preventing the disease from getting worse, improving the ability to exercise, preventing and treating complications, and preventing and treating exacerbations.
For those with COPD who are current smokers, the most important first step is to