Your intervertebral discs—the small, donut-shaped structures located between each of the vertebrae in your spine—are less than two inches in diameter, but they are essential to your mobility. Healthy discs provide cushioning between your vertebrae and allow your spine to move and bend. The discs also keep enough space open
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Alternative treatment options—also known as complementary therapies—can be a good adjunct to medication when it comes to managing arthritis symptoms. Some of the options address physical causes of pain, but don’t forget that chronic pain is complicated. In arthritis, tissue inflammation, bone erosion, and nerve impingement can combine to “rewire”
What is spinal stenosis? It’s a condition in which the spinal canal narrows due to:
A herniated disc that encroaches on the spinal canal from the front
Thickened ligaments that encroach on the canal from both sides.
A narrowed spinal canal impedes the blood supply to the nerves, causing pain. Bending forward increases
Almost any list of the most commonly reported pain conditions places back pain at or near the top. In a National Institute of Health Statistics survey regarding the most common types of pain, 27 percent of the respondents mentioned back pain first.
Risk Factors for Back Pain
Back pain does not discriminate.
Your “core” includes your abdominal and pelvic muscles, as well as your lower back muscles. All the muscles in your core hold you up and stabilize your body. Keeping your core strong is critical to every move you make, as well as proper breathing, good digestive function, and good posture.
A pinched nerve is a nerve under abnormal pressure—a compressed nerve. The pressure can come from adjacent bones or soft tissues such as tendons, ligaments, muscles, or cartilage. When that happens, the brain sends a signal that causes pain, weakness, or a numb feeling. But what are the most common
Resistance training exercises are safe when executed with the right exercise, the right load, the right technique, and performed by the right person. When any of those four elements of training are not observed, injuries can occur.
The Right Exercise
The 55 exercises in Chapter 4 have been proven by evidence-based studies
Only a small minority of people who battle low back pain will need surgery. Back pain surgery is either done in an emergency or electively (by choice). In this chapter, we’ll consider what goes into the decision to choose elective surgery as well as the situations that create the need
According to the American Association of Neurological Surgeons, 90 percent of people with low back pain will recover within a month even without any treatment. Thus, acute and subacute pain is best managed conservatively.
The latest guidelines by the American College of Physicians (Annals of Internal Medicine, April 2017) strongly
In assessing your low back pain, your physician will first take a detailed medical history of your back pain. A proper history is crucial to medical care since it directs the physical examination, assessment, and treatment. Oftentimes, your physician will gather hints of your diagnosis based on your