You’ve probably heard high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol described as the “good” cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) as the “bad” cholesterol. But when it comes to which type of cholesterol is most important to control, who wins the HDL vs. LDL matchup? If only it were that simple. There's considerable debate … Read More
heart attack symptoms
TV and movies often show a heart attack victim clutching his chest in pain, but this portrayal may be misleading. Heart attack symptoms don?t always follow a set pattern, and they don?t always include the classic chest pain. Women especially are more likely to have atypical heart attack symptoms. Anyone who is at risk for a heart attack because of obesity, high blood pressure and cholesterol, high blood sugar, or smoking should be vigilant for other types of symptoms, too.
A heart attack happens when blood flow to the heart is cut off, depriving the heart muscle of the oxygen it needs to pump effectively. Without oxygen, the affected heart section or sections begin to die. A heart attack is a medical emergency, and it requires immediate care.
Heart attack symptoms can differ, depending on the person. The most common symptom is chest pain, but it can take many forms?including squeezing, pressure, and burning. Sometimes the chest pain mimics heartburn. The pain can be mild or severe, and it can continue steadily or come and go. Another heart condition, angina, can also produce chest pain. The difference is that angina pain should let up after a few minutes, while heart attack pain continues.
Shortness of breath is another typical heart attack symptom. The difficulty breathing may happen alone, or with chest pain. You might have trouble breathing while doing exercise, or while you?re sitting still.
Sometimes heart attack symptoms involve a pain that radiates through the arms, back, shoulders, neck, jaw, or upper part of the stomach. Other possible heart attack symptoms to watch out for are fatigue, nausea and vomiting, dizziness, and a cold sweat.
If you?re not sure whether you?re having a heart attack or something else is wrong, call 9-1-1 or visit a hospital emergency room just to be on the safe side. If it is a heart attack, the sooner you get treated the better chance you?ll have of surviving.
The phrase “silent heart attack” suggests an event that comes and goes without much fanfare. And while it’s true you can have an actual heart attack without realizing it at the time, the signs of a silent heart attack can include real damage to your heart muscle. “Just like the … Read More
What is a "mild heart attack"? You may have heard the expression and wondered exactly what it means. A bone can have a hairline fracture or a major break. A stroke can have relatively minor consequences or be severely debilitating. So can a heart attack be mild or major? The … Read More
High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, can be a factor in coronary artery disease (CAD), heart failure, and stroke. But what is hypertension (otherwise known as high blood pressure)? Well, blood pressure is just the force of blood against the inside walls of the arteries. Hypertension is a condition … Read More
If you were to list symptoms of a heart attack, you’d probably start with chest pain. You might follow that up with shortness of breath and nausea. These are all correct, but they don’t tell the whole story. A comprehensive list of heart attack signs includes many symptoms that the … Read More
Despite remarkable improvements in treatment and a growing awareness of prevention strategies, coronary heart disease (CHD) remains the leading cause of death in the U.S. However, the mortality rate for CHD is declining, and people are living longer and with a greater quality of life with this condition. So how do … Read More
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In simplest terms, a heart attack occurs when one of the arteries that supplies blood to the heart becomes too blocked to allow blood to reach the heart muscle. Given that the problem lies in the middle of the heart, it would make sense that chest pain would be an … Read More
We hear the term frequently but may not fully understand it: What is heart disease? Yet there is no simple way to define it, however, because it’s actually a broad term that refers to many conditions that affect the heart or your blood vessels. Among the types of cardiovascular diseases … Read More
While most heart conditions are of higher risk to older adults, a rare but especially sudden and severe heart problem is one that affects those in their 40s and 50s and even younger. It’s called spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD), and it can cause a heart attack. This injury to … Read More