A fasting blood sugar test measures the amount of a type of sugar, called glucose, in your blood after you have not eaten for at least eight hours. Checking for an ideal fasting blood sugar is one of the most commonly performed tests to check for prediabetes … Read More
Diabetes is often thought of as a silent condition. Symptoms often don?t appear, or are too subtle to notice, until the disease has already progressed.
When you have diabetes, your body either doesn?t produce enough insulin, or doesn?t use this hormone effectively. Insulin?s main job is to move sugar (glucose) from the bloodstream into the tissues to be used for energy or stored. When insulin is in short supply or can?t efficiently move glucose into the cells, sugar builds up in the bloodstream and causes diabetes symptoms.
Two hallmark diabetes symptoms are excessive thirst and frequent urination. As the kidneys work to remove extra sugar from the bloodstream through the urine, they pull extra fluids from the tissues along with the sugar. These additional fluids increase urine volume, and lead to a more frequent need to use the bathroom. Losing more fluids causes dehydration, making you drink more fluids, and leading to a repeating cycle of thirst and urination.
Some people with diabetes feel drained of energy, in part because sugar isn?t getting into their cells to be burned for fuel. They also absorb fewer calories from food, leading to increased hunger and possibly weight loss.
Diabetes symptoms can also reflect the damage high blood sugar inflicts on the nerves. Numbness or tingling from nerve damage often affects the hands and feet. Sometimes, diabetes symptoms involve the eyes. Blurred vision is a sign that high blood sugar has reduced the amount of fluid in the lenses of the eyes and has compromised focusing ability. Diabetes can also lead to swollen gums and loose teeth by reducing the body?s ability to fight infection.
If you have diabetes symptoms, it?s important to get diagnosed and treated as soon as possible. Left unchecked, high blood sugar can damage the nerves, eyes, kidneys, and other organs. The sooner you get treatment, the easier it will be to manage your condition.
One of the unfortunate things about type 2 diabetes is that classic symptoms—excessive urination and thirst, for instance—rarely occur until the disease is well advanced. This means diabetes often remains undiagnosed for many years, such that approximately 50 percent of patients already have dangerous diabetes-related complications by … Read More
During your latest doctor’s appointment, your physician breaks the news that you have prediabetes. It means your blood-sugar levels are elevated, but not high enough to be considered type 2 diabetes. You’re surprised not only by the diagnosis, but also by the fact that you experienced … Read More
With three types of diabetes—type 1, type 2, and gestational—you might think the causes of diabetes are varied. Not really. The underlying factors of obesity, genetics, poor diet, and a lack of exercise set the stage for all three. Diabetes is a serious, progressive disease with no known … Read More
Diabetes symptoms in men can mirror diabetes symptoms in women, but there are some differences, as we discuss here. It helps to first understand what diabetes is: a condition characterized by elevated blood glucose levels, which can lead to a number of serious complications.
In people without … Read More
Maybe you’re a few pounds overweight. You’re not as active as you used to be, or maybe you were never physically active to begin with. Your blood pressure might be a little high, and your cholesterol might be making a steady climb into undesirable territory. But what about … Read More
The queen bee is the undisputed leader of her hive. She is largest bee and the only one to lay fertilized eggs. This job is very demanding, and a larvae destined to become the new queen must be fed special food: royal jelly. Fit for a queen bee, royal jelly … Read More
Scientists have identified a number of risk factors for the development of diabetes. While some of these, such as family history, are the same for all three types of diabetes, there are risk factors unique to each type. Being aware of the risk factors that apply to you … Read More
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that more than 13 million women—or roughly 11 percent of all women in the U.S.—suffer from diabetes. What characterizes diabetes symptoms in women? A number of factors can come into play. First, let's answer the question "What is diabetes?"
Diabetes … Read More
People who haven’t encountered it may wonder, "What is diabetes?" Also known as diabetes mellitus, diabetes is the name of a group of diseases in which the body is unable to properly utilize blood sugar (glucose) for energy.
There are three primary forms—diabetes type 1, diabetes type 2, … Read More