Up to 60 percent of adults have had nocturnal leg cramps. These recurrent, painful cramps usually strike the calf muscles and can cause frequent awakenings and severe insomnia. They are more common in people aged 50 years and older. If you’ve suffered through them, read on … Read More
Swollen feet can be a normal inflammatory reaction due to overuse or a strain—the result of taking a bad step, for example. But swollen feet can also indicate a life-threatening medical condition, such as congestive heart failure. It’s important to determine whether there's a known cause (like … Read More
Nearly one-third of Americans have non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)—now the most common chronic disease of the liver. Although rarely discussed in conventional medical offices and even less in the media, NAFLD is epidemic.
This stealthy condition can go undetected for years—with deadly consequences. Once advanced, NAFLD cannot be reversed. It … Read More
Cystic fibrosis is a genetic or inherited disease of the mucus and sweat glands. It affects approximately 30,000 Americans, leading to chronic health problems and premature death. Advances in treatment, however, have dramatically improved outcomes in the past 20 years.
In people with cystic fibrosis, or CF, the mucus produced by … Read More
The liver doesn’t actually contain nerves, so the organ itself can’t feel pain. Even so, the sensation of liver pain can occur because the layer of tissue that surrounds the organ—it’s called Glisson’s Capsule—does contain nerves. Any diseases affecting the liver that increase its size can result in what feels … Read More
Gallstones are solid deposits in the gallbladder, a small pear-shaped organ that sits beneath the liver. The gallbladder has a simple function: to store and concentrate bile, a digestive enzyme made by the liver. In the United States, between 1 and 3 percent of adults develop gallstones each year and … Read More
People are understandably concerned when told they need a biopsy. What is a biopsy? What is the purpose? How is it performed? Who does it? Where? Does it hurt? What are the risks? What will the results mean? What happens next? Here are the answers to those questions and more.
What … Read More
For better or worse, alcohol has been part of our cultural history for thousands of years. America’s most commonly used drug brings pleasure to some, grief to others; health risks for most people, health benefits for a few. It’s not going away—in fact, a 2017 study estimated … Read More
Up to 60 percent of Americans suffer from leg cramps—with women and older adults particularly susceptible—and about 4 million people age 65 and older report the problem. What causes leg cramps? Dehydration is often cited as a major factor, but numerous other reasons may contribute to cramps:
Excess alcohol … Read More
Our gallbladder—a pear-shaped organ that sits beneath the liver—has a simple function: to store and concentrate bile, a digestive enzyme made by the liver. Within the gallbladder, however, solid deposits known as gallstones can form, a condition that affects up to 9 million people in the U.S. each year. Among … Read More