Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which is an umbrella term for emphysema, chronic bronchitis and other airway diseases, has now overtaken stroke as the third-leading cause of death in the United States. Data from 2017 suggests that women are more likely than men to die from COPD, and more recent … Read More
Unless we can breathe, we cannot live. That’s why it behooves us to treat our lungs with respect by not smoking or inhaling any unnecessary products, and by avoiding air pollution whenever possible. These simple measures can help prevent the majority of cases of COPD, the most common form of … Read More
Tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious disease that usually attacks the lungs, from where it can spread to other organs. Before effective treatment became available in the 1940s, TB (which was formerly known as consumption) killed many people. In fact, in the early 1900s one out of every seven people in … Read More
Pneumonia is an infection in one or both lungs caused by bacteria, a virus (such as the flu virus), or another infectious agent. The severity of pneumonia depends on several factors, including which germ is responsible, and the strength of the individual’s immune system.
When the immune system detects an infection, … Read More
Influenza—commonly called the flu—is a viral infection of the respiratory system. It affects the lungs, as well as the whole body. Most people who get the flu come down with it during “flu season,” which runs from November to March. Children are more susceptible to getting the flu, and often … Read More
Bronchiectasis is a chronic obstructive airway disease in which the bronchi become damaged and easily collapse. Bronchi walls contain elastic and muscle fibers, which allow the bronchial tubes to expand and contract while maintaining their shape. In people with bronchiectasis, the elastic and muscular components in the walls of medium-sized … Read More
Asthma is a chronic disease that often starts in childhood but can occur for the first time in adulthood, even later in life. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 18.4 million adults and 6.2 million children in the United States have asthma.
Asthma causes inflammation in the … Read More
Even though COPD cannot be cured, it can be treated. Treatment is aimed at reducing symptoms, preventing the disease from getting worse, improving the ability to exercise, preventing and treating complications, and preventing and treating exacerbations.
For those with COPD who are current smokers, the most important first step is to … Read More