Bones & Joints

Bones & Joints

9. Arthritis and Diet

· · Bones & Joints

According to the World Health Organization, an unhealthy diet is one of the major risk factors for a range of chronic diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes, and other conditions that are linked to obesity. While there is limited research on possible direct links between diet and arthritis, there is  … Read More

8. Arthritis and Exercise

· · Bones & Joints

The pain, stiffness, and restricted movement that accompany arthritis may seem like a good reason to curl up in bed,  but exercise is beneficial in mild-to-moderate arthritis. The benefits include:

Healing. Exercise increases blood circulation and oxygenation within joint tissue, promoting repair.
Lower risk of complications. Exercise helps protect against complications that  … Read More

7. Arthritis Surgery

· · Bones & Joints

Surgery may be considered as part of arthritis treatment when medication is no longer enough to manage your symptoms. The decision to head down the surgical route is a balancing act—you’ll need to consider your current symptoms and level of disability, and weigh them against the potential benefits, risks, and  … Read More

6. Medications for Arthritis

· · Bones & Joints

Acrucial weapon in the fight against arthritis is medication that, in some cases, slows disease progression as well as easing pain, maximizing joint function, and improving quality of life. There is no one-size-fits-all solution—trial and error may be required to find the drug (or drug combination) that works for you.  … Read More

5. Other Types of Arthritis

· · Bones & Joints

There are more than 100 types of arthritis. The two most common causes of chronic disabling arthritis are osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and each has its own chapter in this report. In this chapter, we look at other common types of arthritis: gout, pseudogout, psoriatic arthritis, reactive arthritis  … Read More

4. Rheumatoid Arthritis

· · Bones & Joints

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease involving joints and other organs in the body. It affects about 1.5 million Americans and 1 percent of the population worldwide, causing chronic pain, joint deformity, and significant disability.
What Happens in Rheumatoid Arthritis?
The disease process of RA is complex and not fully  … Read More

3. Osteoarthritis

· · Bones & Joints

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common type of arthritis and a leading cause of chronic pain and disability, affecting approximately 30 million people in the United States alone. It is a degenerative disease that begins with deterioration of the cartilage in synovial joints. Cartilage serves as a protective pad between  … Read More

2. Diagnosing Joint Pain

· · Bones & Joints

There are more than 100 types of arthritis, so when it comes to diagnosis the first challenge is to determine the cause of the inflammation. The second challenge is to evaluate the extent of tissue involvement and level of disease. For example, is there an acute and self-limiting inflammation of  … Read More

1. Introduction to Arthritis

· · Bones & Joints

If you have pain, stiffness, warmth, swelling, or redness in a joint or joints, you may well have arthritis. Arthritis is defined as inflammation of one or more joints. It is the most common cause of disability in the United States, affecting more than 54 million Americans (about one in  … Read More

From The Author

· · Bones & Joints

Dear Reader,
If you suffer from arthritis (a group of diseases characterized by inflammation of a joint or joints) you are in good company—over 54 million Americans have arthritis. You may be reading this report because you want to learn more about your condition and how best to manage it, or  … Read More



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