Diabetes

Diabetes

With diabetes, the body either doesn’t make enough insulin or doesn’t use it effectively, causing blood sugar levels to rise. Along with medications, people are advised to eat plenty of vegetables, whole grains, non-fat dairy, lean poultry, and fish.

There are two types of diabetes: Type 1 is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system mistakenly destroys cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps move blood sugar (or glucose) to cells where it can provide energy. When insulin is unavailable for this purpose, blood sugar levels rise and diabetes ensues. People with this type of diabetes will need to take insulin to keep their blood sugar level under control.

In type 2 diabetes, the body becomes resistant to the effects of insulin and isn’t able to use this hormone effectively, also causing a rise in blood sugar. The pancreas has to work harder to increase its production of insulin, which eventually  damages the organ.

What causes diabetes? Both genes and environmental factors play a role. Being overweight can also increase the risk of getting type 2 diabetes, because excess fat increases the body’s resistance to insulin.

How do you know you have diabetes? Increased thirst, frequent urination, and hunger are all signs of diabetes. Other diabetes symptoms include unexplained weight loss, fatigue, frequent infections, and blurred vision.

Consistently high blood sugar can damage the body’s organs over time. Untreated diabetes increases the risk for nerve damage, called diabetic neuropathy, as well as damage to the kidneys, eyes, feet, and skin. Proper treatment can control blood sugar and help prevent complications.  Some people will need to count carbohydrates, or choose foods that are low on the glycemic index, meaning they won’t cause blood sugar to spike.

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Diabetes Medications: Which One Is Best for You?

Diabetes Medications: Which One Is Best for You?

· · Diabetes

If you watch television, you probably notice frequent ads for diabetes medications. But, if you have diabetes, how do you know if those medications would work better for you than what you’re currently taking?
The answer: Discuss all of the medication options with your doctor, who can explain the risks  … Read More

Diabetes and Depression Linked, Study Finds

Diabetes and Depression Linked, Study Finds

· · Diabetes

Diabetes and depression can affect anyone’s quality of life, in a number of ways, and both conditions appear to be linked. While there are no studies that determine the causes of that relationship, there are ways to understand why the two could go hand in hand:

Daily management of diabetes can  … Read More

Diabetic Desserts: How to Enjoy Them Without Guilt

Diabetic Desserts: How to Enjoy Them Without Guilt

· · Diabetes

If you have diabetes, managing blood sugar levels is critical. But with careful planning and some creative swapping, you can enjoy diabetic desserts—in proper portions, of course.

Diabetes or not, health experts recommend reining in added sugars (not the natural type found in milk and fruit). That’s because they contribute excess  … Read More

Diabetes Symptoms in Men

Diabetes Symptoms in Men

· · Diabetes

Diabetes symptoms in men can mirror diabetes symptoms in women, but there are some differences, as we discuss here. It helps to first understand what diabetes is: a condition characterized by elevated blood glucose levels, which can lead to a number of serious complications.

In people without diabetes, the pancreas produces  … Read More

Can Diabetics Eat Fruit?

Can Diabetics Eat Fruit?

· · Diabetes

Every day, you strategically map out your diabetes meal plan. You count your carbohydrates, limit your sweets, and choose your beverages carefully: a vegetable here, a piece of fruit there, and voila! And then it hits you: Can diabetics eat fruit?

It’s a logical question to ask, considering that fruit contains  … Read More

Have You Taken a Diabetes Test?

Have You Taken a Diabetes Test?

· · Diabetes

Maybe you’re a few pounds overweight. You’re not as active as you used to be, or maybe you were never physically active to begin with. Your blood pressure might be a little high, and your cholesterol might be making a steady climb into undesirable territory. But what about your blood  … Read More



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