Doctors believed many decades ago that vitamin D was good only for healthy bones and teeth, but research has since proven otherwise. Vitamin D deficiency symptoms now have been linked to numerous health problems, including heart disease, depression, and even cancer. In fact, a recent study conducted by Boston University
Osteopenia is a close relative of the bone-weakening disease, osteoporosis. It, too, is bone mineral density that is lower than normal, but it?s not low enough to qualify for a diagnosis of osteoporosis. If you have osteopenia, it?s important to strengthen your bones, because you are at greater risk for osteoporosis and bone fractures in the future.
Your risk for osteopenia increases as you age, because bones begin to break down faster as you get older. In women, the rate of bone loss speeds up dramatically after menopause because the body no longer produces the hormone estrogen, which helps build bones. Other risk factors include a family history of osteoporosis and a slim body frame. You may also be more prone to thinning bones if you?ve had an eating disorder like anorexia, you received radiation or chemotherapy to treat cancer, or you took steroid medicine to treat an autoimmune disorder such as rheumatoid arthritis.
Osteopenia doesn?t cause any symptoms. You might not realize you have weak bones until the condition progresses and you develop a fracture. Your doctor can diagnose osteopenia and osteoporosis with a bone density test, called a dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan. This test compares the mineral content, or density, of your bones against those of a younger person of your gender. The result is reported as a T-score. A T-score of between -1.0 and -2.5 means you have osteopenia. A score of -2.5 or lower means you have osteoporosis.
If your bone density is low, your doctor will recommend that you start doing more weight-bearing exercises, such as walking or dancing. Nutritional interventions include getting more calcium and vitamin D, and limiting caffeine and alcohol. Bone-building medicines such as alendronate (Fosamax), risedronate (Actonel), or raloxifene (Evista) may also be an option.
Over a lifespan, celiac disease symptoms tend to shift from primarily gastrointestinal ones in children (diarrhea, bloating, pain) to “non-classical” or “subclinical” ones in adults (fatigue, anemia, arthritis, and numbness/tingling in the fingers and toes). Non-classical symptoms can make celiac disease harder to spot, particularly if a patient has other
What is osteoporosis? Think of it this way: Healthy bones are in a state of continuous breakdown and rebuilding. This process, called remodeling, is performed by specialized cells called osteoclasts, which resorb (break down) old bone, and osteoblasts, which form new bone.
In young adults, remodeling happens in a balanced fashion
If you’ve been feeling bone pain, your doctor may take one look at that stiff, swollen joint or that loss of motion and suspect that what you’ve got is the inevitable onset of age-related osteoarthritis (OA) or the autoimmune disorder that leads to rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
But to refine that diagnosis,
Osteoporosis Exercises: A Proven Exercise Program Involving Strength Training for Building Bone Density
Have you been told you need to exercise for your bone health, but are confused about what are the best osteoporosis exercises?
Gluten-Free Diet for Osteoporosis? If You Have Osteoporosis, You May Have Celiac Disease and Not Know It!
Research finds people with osteoporosis are more likely to have undiagnosed AND untreated celiac disease. But, following a gluten-free diet for osteoporosis may help.
Can osteoporosis be reversed without drugs? The answer is “yes!” But only if you use a comprehensive treatment plan that addresses the underlying root causes of osteoporosis. The sooner you start treatment, the better your chances of reversing bone loss – so don’t put it off any longer!
Have you recently undergone a bone density test or are you planning to schedule a test soon? If so, it’s important you understand what your bone density scores mean. Use our bone density chart to interpret your test results.