Tag: gastroesophageal reflux disease gerd

Gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, is a condition in which acid from the stomach backs up into the esophagus. GERD is sometimes referred to as acid reflux, reflux, acid indigestion, or heartburn, although these conditions can be transient, while GERD usually persists long-term.

About 20 percent of Americans have GERD. The condition occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), a valve that is intended to keep acids in the stomach, doesn?t close properly. As a result, acid is able to rise up into the esophagus. Several conditions can cause the LES to malfunction, including pregnancy, a hiatal hernia, or drugs used to treat asthma, high blood pressure, and allergy symptoms.

The most common GERD symptom is a burning feeling in the chest known as heartburn. People with this condition also complain of nausea, problems swallowing, and vomiting. The acid can produce a metallic taste in the mouth and cause bad breath.

Doctors diagnose GERD with an upper GI endoscopy, in which a thin, flexible tube is used to see inside the esophagus, stomach, and the first part of the intestine. The doctor may take a sample of tissue from the lining of the esophagus, which is called a biopsy. Or, you may have a series of x-rays taken of your upper GI tract after you drink barium. The doctor might also measure the amount of acid in the esophagus?a test called esophageal pH and impedance monitoring.

To treat GERD, you can try lifestyle changes, such as avoiding greasy or spicy foods, eating smaller portions, and losing weight if you?re overweight. Medicines for GERD work in different ways. Antacids such as Maalox, Mylanta, or Rolaids neutralize acid to prevent it from burning the esophagus. H2 blockers and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) decrease acid production. Prokinetics help your stomach empty quicker. Some of these medicines require a prescription.

Heartburn May Signal Reflux Disease

Up to 15 million Americans are thought to suffer from heartburn (a form of indigestion that is felt as a burning sensation in the chest) each day—but it isn’t normal to have heartburn after every meal, according to Mount Sinai gastroenterologist Brijen Shah, MD. “If you do, it’s possible that

How Diet and Lifestyle Can Fight Heartburn and GERD

If you sometimes suffer a burning sensation behind your breastbone, you’re far from alone. An estimated 44% of American adults suffer heartburn at least once a month, and about 20% have a serious form called gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

Many sufferers treat their symptoms with over-the-counter or prescription drugs: The generic

HPV-Related Throat Cancer on the Rise Among Men

HPV-Related Throat Cancer on the Rise Among Men

Smoking, drinking alcohol, and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) all can increase your risk of throat cancer, but genital human papillomavirus (HPV) has become a leading cause of oropharyngeal cancers in the United States. In fact, some 9,000 people are diagnosed each year with throat cancer that may be caused by

Diet and Lifestyle Changes Can Alleviate GERD Symptoms

It’s easy to reach for antacids or prescription medications when the fiery pain of heartburn strikes. But you may find more relief by changing your diet and lifestyle instead. Heartburn is just one symptom of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a condition that is often related to the foods you eat

Minimally Invasive Procedure Arrests GERD Episodes

People with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) who suffer from constant regurgitation—the sensation of stomach acid backing up into the throat or mouth—may find relief from the surgical procedure called transoral fundoplication (TF), according to a new study in the journal Gastroenterology.
GERD affects the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), the ring of

Clear It Up! Post-Nasal Drip Remedies

Clear It Up! Post-Nasal Drip Remedies

Post-nasal drip is the accumulation of mucus, usually in your sinuses, that moves down the back of the nose into the throat. It can be an annoying and disruptive condition, but one that’s treatable by post-nasal drip remedies, both pharmaceutical and natural.
Your body makes about one to two quarts of

Hard to Swallow? There Are Strategies That Can Help

About 10 million Americans are evaluated each year for dysphagia (swallowing difficulties). The problem is most prevalent in the elderly, and may include difficulty with saliva, liquids, all consistencies of food, and pills. “People with dysphagia may cough or choke while eating or drinking, and some may feel as if

Is That Symptom a Sign of Something Serious?

It’s important that you don’t panic about health symptoms that develop as you age, since they often can be addressed with lifestyle modifications or medical therapy. That said, some symptoms do signal a potentially serious health problem, so talking to your doctor about any problems you’re experiencing is the crucial

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