Tag: gastroesophageal reflux disease gerd

Gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, is a condition in which acid from the stomach backs up into the esophagus. GERD is sometimes referred to as acid reflux, reflux, acid indigestion, or heartburn, although these conditions can be transient, while GERD usually persists long-term.

About 20 percent of Americans have GERD. The condition occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), a valve that is intended to keep acids in the stomach, doesn?t close properly. As a result, acid is able to rise up into the esophagus. Several conditions can cause the LES to malfunction, including pregnancy, a hiatal hernia, or drugs used to treat asthma, high blood pressure, and allergy symptoms.

The most common GERD symptom is a burning feeling in the chest known as heartburn. People with this condition also complain of nausea, problems swallowing, and vomiting. The acid can produce a metallic taste in the mouth and cause bad breath.

Doctors diagnose GERD with an upper GI endoscopy, in which a thin, flexible tube is used to see inside the esophagus, stomach, and the first part of the intestine. The doctor may take a sample of tissue from the lining of the esophagus, which is called a biopsy. Or, you may have a series of x-rays taken of your upper GI tract after you drink barium. The doctor might also measure the amount of acid in the esophagus?a test called esophageal pH and impedance monitoring.

To treat GERD, you can try lifestyle changes, such as avoiding greasy or spicy foods, eating smaller portions, and losing weight if you?re overweight. Medicines for GERD work in different ways. Antacids such as Maalox, Mylanta, or Rolaids neutralize acid to prevent it from burning the esophagus. H2 blockers and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) decrease acid production. Prokinetics help your stomach empty quicker. Some of these medicines require a prescription.

Are You at Risk for Esophageal Cancer? Watch for These Symptoms

Are You at Risk for Esophageal Cancer? Watch for These Symptoms

Esophageal cancer is on the rise in the U.S.—according to the American Cancer Society, an estimated 17,000 new cases were diagnosed in 2016. Symptoms typically don’t become apparent until late in the disease, and the fact this cancer is often detected at an advanced stage means that outcomes are poor.

Seniors

Are You at Risk for Esophageal Cancer?

Esophageal cancer is on the rise in the U.S.—according to the American Cancer Society, an estimated 17,000 new cases were diagnosed in 2016. Symptoms typically don’t become apparent until late in the disease, and the fact this cancer is often detected at an advanced stage means that outcomes are poor.

Gastroesophageal Reflux: How to Avoid Heartburn

Gastroesophageal Reflux: How to Avoid Heartburn

It’s easy to reach for antacids or prescription medications when the fiery pain of heartburn strikes. But you may find more relief by changing your diet and lifestyle instead. Heartburn is just one symptom of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a condition that is often related to the foods you eat

Dealing with Dysphagia: A Difficult-to-Swallow Condition

Dealing with Dysphagia: A Difficult-to-Swallow Condition

Dysphagia is a condition that can occur at any age, although it’s more common in older adults. It falls into one of the following categories:

Esophageal dysphagia: This is the feeling that food gets stuck in your throat or in your chest.
Oropharyngeal dysphagia: This occurs when certain conditions weaken your

Ask Dr. Etingin: Stopping Diarrhea; Acid Reflux

Q. Can you give me any information about what stops diarrhea, especially when you don’t know what is causing it? Are there any sure-fire cures?
A. As you suggest, what stops diarrhea often depends on what’s causing the problem. A variety of medications, including antibiotics, certain cancer drugs, and antacids with

Hiatal Hernia: How It Happens, How It’s Treated

Aging puts you at risk for more health issues, particularly if you are overweight or obese. One such issue that has become more common as the U.S. obesity rate increases is hiatal hernia—estimates suggest that up to half of adults age 60 and older have this type of hernia.
How a

Heartburn May Signal Reflux Disease

Up to 15 million Americans are thought to suffer from heartburn (a form of indigestion that is felt as a burning sensation in the chest) each day—but it isn’t normal to have heartburn after every meal, according to Mount Sinai gastroenterologist Brijen Shah, MD. “If you do, it’s possible that

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