Tag: clinical depression

Depression varies in severity. For some people, the feeling of sadness is mild and relatively fleeting. Others feel depressed day after day with no reprieve. More severe depression that does not let up is referred to as clinical depression, or major depressive disorder. Nearly 7 percent of Americans have clinical depression, making it one of the most common mental health issues.

To be diagnosed with clinical depression, you need to have a depressed mood or lack of interest in activities you once enjoyed, plus four or more of the following symptoms, for at least two weeks:

? Decrease or increase in appetite ? Weight loss or gain ? Trouble sleeping or getting too much sleep ? Agitation or restlessness ? A feeling of slowing down ? Fatigue or lack of energy ? Feelings of worthlessness or guilt ? Trouble thinking, concentrating, or making decisions ? Thoughts of death or suicide

Everyone experiences depression differently, but to qualify for a diagnosis of clinical depression, the symptoms must be significant enough to interfere with your day-to-day life. Clinical depression makes it more difficult to go to work or school, and interrupts your normal social activities. Some people experience sporadic episodes of clinical depression, while for others, the condition is more continuous and persistent.

Although clinical depression is a more severe form of depression, it does respond to treatments. The first step is to see a mental health professional for a diagnosis. During the evaluation, the doctor can rule out other conditions that can mimic clinical depression, including thyroid disorders or substance abuse.

Once clinical depression has been diagnosed, it can be treated with medications and talk therapy. Antidepressant drugs alter levels of brain chemicals that influence mood. These include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) like fluoxetine (Prozac), sertraline (Zoloft), and paroxetine (Paxil), and serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) such as venlafaxine (Effexor) and duloxetine (Cymbalta). These medicines may be paired with psychotherapy, which teaches strategies to manage depression.

Depression Symptoms: “Major” vs. “Persistent”

Depression Symptoms: “Major” vs. “Persistent”

As with other mental disorders, the difference between just having a bad day, or week, or month, and truly suffering from depression is the duration of symptoms and level of impairment. As such, it helps to consider different levels and how we define them.
Depression Symptoms of MDD
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD),

8 Serotonin Deficiency Symptoms That You Can Identify Yourself

8 Serotonin Deficiency Symptoms That You Can Identify Yourself

Serotonin is a powerful brain chemical that profoundly affects your mood, so knowing whether you’re deficient is a key first step to overcoming troubling mood and impulse control problems. Having one or more of the eight serotonin deficiency symptoms discussed here will be a strong clue that you may indeed

3. Depression Affects People Differently

As you may have noticed, the list of symptoms associated with depression is long, and most people only have a few of them. The truth is, depression affects everyone differently. In this chapter, we will review how this condition can affect everyday life and how it most commonly appears among

2. Types of Depression

Depression is a complex condition that comes in many forms. In order to help tease apart the different ways depression can manifest and help clinicians choose the right treatments, the condition is classified into several different types. The two main types are known as major depressive disorder (also called clinical

4 Dopamine Boosters to Improve Depression Symptoms, Mood, and Motivation

4 Dopamine Boosters to Improve Depression Symptoms, Mood, and Motivation

When we think about depression, lack of motivation, or difficulty focusing and concentrating, the well-known brain chemical (neurotransmitter) serotonin often comes to mind. While it’s true that low serotonin is a problem for many people with depression and other mental health issues, researchers have known for years that other neurotransmitters

How to Cope with the Challeges of Retirement

Recent research points to a highly effective, strategy for staying healthy, happy and mentally fit after you reach retirement age: Keep right on working!

Staying on the job can help postpone the significant mental and emotional challenges that affect many people in retirement—such as lack of stimulation, depression, and low self-esteem.

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