If you were to list symptoms of a heart attack, you’d probably start with chest pain. You might follow that up with shortness of breath and nausea. These are all correct, but they don’t tell the whole story. A comprehensive list of heart attack signs includes many symptoms that the
Beta blockers are drugs known for treating high blood pressure, congestive heart failure, arrhythmias, and angina. But no matter why you may be taking them, beta blockers always work the same way. That is, they block a hormone known as epinephrine, better known as adrenalin. This is the same hormone
In the ongoing effort to find drugs that safely and effectively reduce cardiovascular events, there’s a new class of stars: PCSK9 inhibitors. These drugs are antibodies directed at the PCSK9 protein, which regulates LDL receptor recycling. Blocking the protein results in increasing the effective number of receptors, which leads to
Q: I have had type 2 diabetes for more than 20 years. Should I eat whole-grain foods? I know they are touted for their health benefits, but they are high in carbohydrates, and years ago, I was told to limit my carbohydrate intake.
A: Carbohydrates, which were once considered by many
Many patients are asking about the latest guidelines on reducing cardiovascular risks issued by the American College of Cardiology. These guidelines, which were published several months ago, suggests that patients without other cardiovascular risk factors can have LDL cholesterol levels up to 190 before they get treated. Prior to the
Fibromyalgia symptoms may respond to vitamin D supplementation
People who suffer from the chronic pain and fatigue of fibromyalgia may benefit from taking vitamin D supplements, according to a study published in the February 2014 issue of the journal PAIN. Since there is no known cure for fibromyalgia, treatment focuses on
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the U.S., so it’s important that you can recognize the signs of a heart problem. Symptoms of heart disease, also called coronary artery disease (CAD), abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias), and heart failure sometimes overlap.
But if you’re at risk for any
Like all of your muscles, your heart needs a steady supply of oxygen-rich blood to remain healthy. But if there’s blockage in a coronary artery—a blood vessel that supplies blood to the heart—the result can be a heart attack. Even if blood flow is partially reduced, you can experience angina—episodes
Many people know that plaque can build up in the walls of arteries and cause a heart attack. As the core of the blood vessel gradually grows narrower, blood flow is increasingly restricted. If the plaque grows large enough to obstruct blood flow, a heart attack will occur. Many people
Q. I’ve been told I have “pelvic organ prolapse.” Can you tell me more about this?
A. The pelvic organs are held in place by a support network that includes skin, ligaments, and the pelvic floor (a group of muscles that span the area under the pelvis). Various parts of this