Smoking is the primary cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a leading cause of death worldwide, but other contributors include long-term exposure to air pollution, dust, and certain chemicals. Another contributor is genetic factors, though these have not yet been isolated. COPD is not reversible, though its progression can … Read More
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a term for lung diseases that include emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Women are 37 percent more likely than men to have COPD, and it is the third leading cause of death in the U.S. COPD is undiagnosed in many patients who have it, but … Read More
More effective asthma management needed among older women
Women over age 65 who suffer from asthma have an asthma mortality rate that is nearly four times higher than other people who have asthma, according to a report in the August 2014 issue of the journal Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology. … Read More
Shrink your waistline–but not too much—and you’ll lower your risk for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), suggests a recent study in the Canadian Medical Association Journal (July 7, 2014).
Previous research has linked excess belly fat and waist circumference to COPD progression. However, it was unknown whether they were leading contributors … Read More
Tuberculosis (often called TB) is a contagious disease that usually attacks the lungs. Before effective treatment became available in the 1940s, TB was a dreaded disease that killed many people while sparing others. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in the early 1900s one out of … Read More
Pneumonia is an infection of one or both lungs caused by bacteria, viruses, or other infectious agents. The severity of pneumonia depends on several factors, including which germ is responsible and the strength of the immune system.
When the body’s immune system detects injury (from infection or other cause), it produces … Read More
Influenza—commonly called “the flu”—is a viral infection of the respiratory system. It affects the lungs as well as the whole body. Most people recognize the symptoms—fever, body aches, sore throat, stuffy nose, and headache. Sometimes the flu is confused with the common cold, but even though some of the symptoms … Read More
Bronchiectasis is an uncommon chronic obstructive airway disease in which bronchi become damaged and collapse easily. The walls of the bronchi contain elastic and muscle fibers, which allow the bronchial tubes to expand and contract while maintaining their structure. In people with bronchiectasis, the elastic and muscular components in the … Read More
Asthma is a chronic disease that often starts in childhood but can occur for the first time in adulthood, even later in life. In the United States, about 19 million adults and seven million children have asthma.
People with asthma have inflammation in their airways. This inflammation causes episodes of coughing, … Read More
Even though COPD cannot be cured, it can be treated. Treatment is aimed at reducing symptoms, preventing the disease from getting worse, improving the ability to exercise, preventing and treating complications, and preventing and treating exacerbations.
For those with COPD who are current smokers, the most important first treatment will be … Read More