Prostate

Prostate

The prostate is a walnut-shaped gland that sits underneath a man’s bladder and wraps around the urethra. Prostate problems include infection, enlargement or cancer, but solutions and survival rates are improving.

The prostate gland’s main function is to add fluid to sperm to form semen. Although the prostate starts out small, it typically grows as a man ages. Prostate growth is known as benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH. Over time, BPH puts pressure on the urethra, leading to urinary problems.

Prostatitis is swelling of the prostate gland that is often caused by bacteria. The condition can come on quickly (acute prostatitis) and usually clears up with antibiotics. However, it can sometimes continue long term, in which case it’s called chronic prostatitis.

Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in men, affecting 1 in 7 during their lifetime. Most prostate cancer cases are diagnosed later in life.

Prostate cancer can be found with a PSA test, which measures the level of a protein called prostate specific antigen (PSA) in a man’s blood. At one time, men over age 50 were advised to have a PSA test annually. Yet this test can often produce false positive results, because PSA levels can also rise from BPH and other non-cancerous prostate conditions. Today, cancer organizations recommend that men talk to their doctor about the benefits and risks before having this test.

Prostate cancer symptoms include trouble urinating, blood in the urine, pain in the back or hips, and difficulty getting or sustaining an erection. To diagnose prostate cancer, the doctor will remove a sample of tissue during a biopsy. Once that tissue is examined, doctors assign the prostate cancer a Gleason Score and a stage, which indicate the severity and progression of the disease.

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Prostate Cancer Stages

Prostate Cancer Stages

· · Prostate

Prostate cancer stages describe how far the cancer has spread. The stage is what doctors use to determine treatment for prostate cancer and to predict the chances of recovering from prostate cancer.

The stage is determined by evaluating the prostate tissue and determining its Gleason score (a microscopic assessment of the  … Read More

What Is Prostate Cancer?

What Is Prostate Cancer?

· · Prostate

The vast majority of prostate cancers originate in the glandular cells of the prostate and are called adenocarcinomas. Prostate cancer is second only to prostate cancer, it is the second leading cause of cancer-related death. Data from the National Cancer Institute estimates that 14 percent of American men will be  … Read More

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer: Sorting Out Signs

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer: Sorting Out Signs

· · Prostate

Prostate cancer usually develops quietly early on. Oftentimes, if a man experiences symptoms of prostate cancer, his disease has reached a more advanced stage.

Compounding the problem is that these prostate cancer symptoms can mimic those of other, noncancerous problems, so it’s important to visit your physician and find the root  … Read More

Are You Keeping Tabs on Your PSA Levels?

Are You Keeping Tabs on Your PSA Levels?

· · Prostate

Three big letters: P-S-A. In the world of urology and men’s health, perhaps no three letters generate more controversy. Since the early 1990s, the prostate-specific antigen (or PSA) blood test has served as the cornerstone of prostate cancer early detection. Today, it remains at the center of a debate over  … Read More

Erectile Dysfunction Causes and Cures

Erectile Dysfunction Causes and Cures

· · Prostate

Erectile dysfunction causes can be attributed to many diseases and medical conditions known to cause ED. The first step treatment is ensuring that you are appropriately treating any underlying medical disease causing your ED.

For example, if you have diabetes, managing your blood glucose levels is not only critical for your  … Read More

An Abnormal PSA Result: What Comes Next?

An Abnormal PSA Result: What Comes Next?

· · Prostate

The prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test remains central to prostate cancer screening and, at the same time, at the center of considerable controversy. While proponents cite data supporting the test as a way to reduce the risk of dying from prostate cancer, critics point to the chain of events that  … Read More

What Is the Gleason Score?

What Is the Gleason Score?

· · Prostate

When you undergo a biopsy of your prostate gland, whether it was prompted by suspicious symptoms, because your doctor felt something concerning during a digital rectal exam (DRE), or because you had an abnormal prostate specific antigen (PSA) level, your urologist will usually take 10 to 12 small tissue samples  … Read More

What Is the Prostate Gland?

What Is the Prostate Gland?

· · Prostate

The prostate gland is a male organ weighing about one ounce and often compared to the size of a walnut or chestnut. It is located in the pelvic region just below the bladder, in front of the rectum, and above the pelvic floor muscles. The primary function of the prostate  … Read More

What Causes Erectile Dysfunction?

What Causes Erectile Dysfunction?

· · Prostate

When a man is aroused, the brain sends a signal to the nerves in the penis, which then stimulate the arteries in the penis to open up, filling with blood. Simultaneously, the veins close up and the blood in the arteries becomes trapped, causing enlargement and hardening of the penis.  … Read More

Prostate Cancer Survival Rates

Prostate Cancer Survival Rates

· · Prostate

Upon receiving the diagnosis of prostate cancer, men naturally want to know the most current prostate cancer survival rates.

Every man’s prognosis or outlook for cancer depends on his overall health, his age, his Gleason score, his prostate cancer stage, the type of treatment he receives, and how his cancer  … Read More



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