Prostate

Prostate

The prostate is a walnut-shaped gland that sits underneath a man’s bladder and wraps around the urethra. Prostate problems include infection, enlargement or cancer, but solutions and survival rates are improving.

The prostate gland’s main function is to add fluid to sperm to form semen. Although the prostate starts out small, it typically grows as a man ages. Prostate growth is known as benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH. Over time, BPH puts pressure on the urethra, leading to urinary problems.

Prostatitis is swelling of the prostate gland that is often caused by bacteria. The condition can come on quickly (acute prostatitis) and usually clears up with antibiotics. However, it can sometimes continue long term, in which case it’s called chronic prostatitis.

Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in men, affecting 1 in 7 during their lifetime. Most prostate cancer cases are diagnosed later in life.

Prostate cancer can be found with a PSA test, which measures the level of a protein called prostate specific antigen (PSA) in a man’s blood. At one time, men over age 50 were advised to have a PSA test annually. Yet this test can often produce false positive results, because PSA levels can also rise from BPH and other non-cancerous prostate conditions. Today, cancer organizations recommend that men talk to their doctor about the benefits and risks before having this test.

Prostate cancer symptoms include trouble urinating, blood in the urine, pain in the back or hips, and difficulty getting or sustaining an erection. To diagnose prostate cancer, the doctor will remove a sample of tissue during a biopsy. Once that tissue is examined, doctors assign the prostate cancer a Gleason Score and a stage, which indicate the severity and progression of the disease.

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Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: Don’t Let It Be a Burden

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: Don’t Let It Be a Burden

· · Prostate

Until now, your prostate has given you little cause for concern. But now that you’re older, it’s commanding attention. You have benign prostatic hyperplasia, and your prostate—normally as small as a walnut—is now the size of a baseball, and it’s wreaking havoc on your lifestyle. You wake up several times  … Read More

What Is Erectile Dysfunction?

What Is Erectile Dysfunction?

· · Prostate

What is erectile dysfunction? The answer is simple: An inability to consistently attain and maintain an erection satisfactory for sexual intercourse. It’s also called impotence, as the condition was known until the term erectile dysfunction, or ED, was coined in 1992.
But the answer to erectile dysfunction isn’t the same  … Read More

12 Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer

12 Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer

· · Prostate

What are the risk factors for prostate cancer? It’s a question that remains unanswered despite a growing body of research identifying risk factors and prevention strategies.
Scientists do know that prostate cancer symptoms occur when changes or mutations in the DNA of prostatic cells cause abnormal proliferation of those cells, resulting  … Read More

With Prompt Epididymitis Treatment, You Can Avoid Complications

With Prompt Epididymitis Treatment, You Can Avoid Complications

· · Prostate

An infection can occur almost anywhere in the genitourinary system. In fact, urinary tract infections are so common, they’ve been branded with a widely used abbreviation: UTI. Scrotal infections such as epididymitis aren’t as common as UTIs and haven’t earned a convenient abbreviation, but they can be extremely painful and  … Read More

Beyond the PSA Test: Options for Screening

Beyond the PSA Test: Options for Screening

· · Prostate

Prostate screening traditionally has focused on two methods: the digital rectal exam (DRE) and prostate specific antigen, or PSA testing. Researchers have always worked toward improving the accuracy and reliability of both modalities.
New methods seek to clarify diagnoses in men whose PSA is considered “borderline”—i.e., a range of between 4  … Read More

Prostate Cancer Stages

Prostate Cancer Stages

· · Prostate

Prostate cancer stages describe how far the cancer has spread. The stage is what doctors use to determine treatment for prostate cancer and to predict the chances of recovering from prostate cancer.

The stage is determined by evaluating the prostate tissue and determining its Gleason score (a microscopic assessment of the  … Read More

What Is Prostate Cancer?

What Is Prostate Cancer?

· · Prostate

The vast majority of prostate cancers originate in the glandular cells of the prostate and are called adenocarcinomas. Prostate cancer is second only to prostate cancer, it is the second leading cause of cancer-related death. Data from the National Cancer Institute estimates that 14 percent of American men will be  … Read More

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer: Sorting Out Signs

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer: Sorting Out Signs

· · Prostate

Prostate cancer usually develops quietly early on. Oftentimes, if a man experiences symptoms of prostate cancer, his disease has reached a more advanced stage.

Compounding the problem is that these prostate cancer symptoms can mimic those of other, noncancerous problems, so it’s important to visit your physician and find the root  … Read More



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